The Saadabad Palace conditioning, Sad Abad, ( Majmue -ye Kakh -e Saadabad ) (Persian کاخ سعدآباد, Sa ` dābād ), is an area of approximately 110 hectares of extensive and 18 palaces umfriedender complex in the north of the city of Tehran, Iran. South joins the Tajrish Square. Less than 5 km to the west ( straight line ), the Niavaran Palace Complex.
It is historically recorded that the plant originally served the qajarischen kings as a summer residence. In the 1920s, Reza Shah Pahlavi, who extended the facility several times and used it for official and residential purposes. This tradition continued by his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi continued from the 1970s. As part of the Islamic- Iranian revolution, the Saadabad Palace complex was supplied museums purposes.
The largest palace is the White Palace. It has spread over 54 rooms, a living area of 5000 m². Built in the 1936 building was converted to the National Museum ( Muze -ye Mellat ) 1982. The facade of the palace is modern and simple. A wide staircase leads to the 1st floor of the building. Left of the façade is a pair of oversized bronze riding boots, the remnant of a larger than life statue of Reza Shah. White marble of Yazd clothes from the floor. In the ballroom is a 145 sqm large, finely -knotted Mashad rug. Wall paintings with mythical scenes from the Shahnameh - King book decorate the dome area of the banquet hall. Chandeliers, mobiliare antiques and other paintings impress you with its magnificence.
Many gifts to the royal family, they come from all continents, are housed in a wing of the palace ( in the Muze -ye Honar -e Melal ).
The older, established as early as 1928 Green Palace ( Kakh -e Sabz ) located in the northern area of terrain. Its name is attributed to the green marble lining. With a simple input field corresponds to a great, oriental, rear terrace. A multi-faceted mirror hall is adorned with a finely knotted - about 70 m² - carpet. The walls are stucco decorated magnificently. The living area is rather well preserved familial nature.
The Iranian brothers Omidvar as dedicatee of this museum, set with photos and movies witness to their 1954 launched ten years of world travel through all the continents. Aboriginal, Maori, Pygmies, Eskimos and the Paleo - Indians and Indians of the Amazon region are thoroughly studied and documented motives.
The Museum of Fine Arts ( Muze -ye -ye Ziba Honarha ) shows Hofmalereien from Safavid and qadjarischer time. Overall, an artistic spectrum is covered by the periods from the 17th to the 20th century. Other museums deal with the issues of miniature painting and calligraphy. Calligraphic Treasures of the Elamite cuneiform and Sassanid Pahlavi writing as well as the Islamic period ( from 661 ) writings are issued. Fine crafts are exhibited at the museum of arts and crafts. Objects of traditional life, however, in the Ethnographic Museum. The military museum with weapons from Achaemenid time to the present day, as well as a water supply museum round out the theme world and complement the educational aspiration.
There are eight entrances to the palace complex. The royal family had reserved two of them. The Nezamieh Gate was the former entrance of the royal family Reza Shah. The Darband Street Gate of the Mohammad Reza Shah's family.
List of palaces
The property includes 18 palaces: