The Saale- Orla-Kreis is a district in the southeast of Thuringia and after the Wartburg district and the district Schmalkalden- Meiningen area the third largest in the state. The county seat is Schleiz. Regional planning Risch the circle belongs to the eastern Thuringia planning region and is a member of the planning community Ostthüringen.
- 2.1 Population development
- 3.1 District
- 3.2 Kreistag
- 3.3 Coat of Arms
- 4.1 Road traffic
- 4.2 Rail transport
- 6.1 communities
- 6.2 Management Communities
The county is for the most part in the Thuringian Slate Mountains or in the transition areas to the Thuringian wood land and the Vogtland. This is the site of significant upland character, over 80 % of the area of the county are above 400 m altitude. The lowest point is the Orlatal with a height of about 180 meters above sea level. NN in the field of community Langenorla. The Sieglitzberg in Bad Lobenstein near the border with Bavaria is 733 meters the highest point in the district. The highest place is Rodacherbrunn, which is located at about 700 m altitude.
Neighboring districts are in the north of the Saale- Holzland district, in the northeastern district of Greiz, in the southeast of the Saxon Vogtland district, south of the Bavarian district of Hof, in the southwestern also Bavarian district Kronach and to the west the district of Saalfeld -Rudolstadt.
The eponymous river Saale cuts deep into the ground and flows for a distance of about 90 miles through the district area. The eponymous also Orla, a right tributary of the Saale, gave rise to the location in the north of the circle Orlasenke.
With the Bleilochtalsperre and the dam Hohenwarte located in the district two of the largest dams in Thuringia.
The district was created as part of the district reform in Thuringia in 1994 by merging the counties Lobenstein, Pössneck and Schleiz. Historical predecessors include the county goats back ( to 1952 ) and the Neustadt district ( until 1920 ).
Development of the Population:
- 2000: 93 929
- 2001: 93 404
- 2002: 92 969
- 2003: 92 311
- 2004: 91 470
- 2005: 90 761
- 2006: 89 827
- 2007: 88 935
- 2008: 88 199
- 2009: 87,400
- 2010: 86 809
- 2011: 86 906
- 2012: 84 435
District of Saale -Orla -Kreis is since 2012 Thomas Fügmann ( CDU).
In the district election on 15 January 2012, the incumbent since 2000 Frank Roßner District (SPD ) came back in and got a 35.5 % relative majority of votes. He is followed by Thomas Fügmann of the CDU (30.6% ), Andreas Scheffczyk ( UBV; 14.7% ), Thomas Hofmann (The Left; 11.8%) and Volker Ortwig (FDP), which 7.5 % of the valid votes received. The turnout was 38.9 percent.
Since no candidate received an absolute majority, a runoff between Frank and Thomas Rossner Fügmann took place on January 29, 2012, which Fügmann won with 53.1 % of the vote against Rossner, which reached 46.9 %, for themselves and Roßner thus, after twelve years in office, replaced as district administrator.
The 46 seats in the district council groups since the municipal election held on 7 June 2009 were as follows among the individual parties:
Coat of arms
Designed by the Herald Michael Zapfe coat of arms was approved on 27 January 1995 by the Thuringian State Office of Administration.
Blazon: " Over red sign foot with two silver strips split wave of black and gold; forward a left inverted, red reinforced, gezungter and crowned golden lion; behind a red and reinforced gezungter black lion. "
The black lion is the arms of the Margrave of Meissen borrowed the aufgingen later in the Wettin Ernestine. From this line, the later dukes and grand dukes of Saxe- Meiningen and Saxe-Weimar -Eisenach came. The black lion was the heraldic animal of the Counts of Orlamünde that once were prevalent in this region. The golden, rotbewehrte and crowned lion is taken from the root of Arms of the Principality of Reuss. The Count and later Prince Reuss resided a long time in the cities Lobenstein and Schleiz what point does the former castles in the towns. Essentially included the former circles Schleiz and Lobenstein to the possessions of the Reuss. The two wave bars represent the rivers Saale and Orla that shape today's district and gave it its name.
An overview of the coat of arms of cities and villages of the district can be found in the list of the coat of arms in the Saale- Orla-Kreis.
Economy and infrastructure
The circle is traversed in a north-south direction from the Federal Highway 9 Berlin -Nuremberg and the largely running parallel to national road 2. Important compounds in west-east direction, the federal highway 281, the coming in Triptis connects from Saalfeld to the B 2, and the federal highway 90, which runs from Saalfeld coming through the south of the district over Bad Lobenstein to B 2 in Gefell. The Federal Highway 94 connects the county seat Schleiz with Zeulenroda.
The oldest and most important railway line Gera - Saalfeld was established in 1871 by the Thuringian Railway Company and touches the cities Triptis, Neustadt an der Orla and Pössneck.
The Oppurg station in 1892 starting point of Orlabahn, a cross connection of the Hall Railway Company after Orlamünde at their home track Jena - Saalfeld. The route was from Pössneck lower station since 1889 in operation.
From Triptis since 1894-1897 inferred from the results of the Prussian State Railway railway line Triptis - Marxgrün through the mountains about goats back - Lobenstein Blankenstein and from 1901 on to Marxgrün in Upper Franconia. On she meets in Unterlemnitz the 1907/ 08 opened Sormitztalbahn of Saalfeld on Wurzbach.
The Schleizer Oberland is accessible by train route Schoenberg Schleiz of Set in the Saxon Vogtland station Schönberg, which in the year 1887 as the state railway of the Principality of Reuss jL originated and which was continued until 1930 by the Schleizer small Bahn AG until after hall castle on the Saale. This new ride is together with a fork for Gräfenwarth - been operated electrically dam long time.
The Royal Saxon State Railways opened in 1892 the railway line Schoenberg Hirschberg of Schoenberg on Tanna and Gefell to Hirschberg an der Saale, located directly at the Bavarian border.
The railway network in what is now the district of no more than 158 km length has been cut primarily after 1990, that today less than half is used by passenger trains, namely only 77 km. The following routes have been decommissioned:
Cities and Towns
(Population at 31 December 2012)
Cities ¹ Member municipality to an administrative community ² fulfilling community for three additional communities
Communities independent communities:
The town of Neustadt an der Orla is fulfilling community for:
Management Communities * County seat
- 2 Management Community Ranis - Ziegenriick ( 7649 )
- 3 Management Community Saale- Rennsteig ( 4351 )
- 4 Community Management Lakeland ( 5179)
- 5 Management Community Triptis ( 6207 )
Regarding the terms " administrative community " or " community -fulfilling " see administrative community in Thuringia.
- Resolution of the municipality Liebschütz - Integration by Remptendorf. (29 September 2000)
- Resolution of the City Hall castle and the town of Ebersdorf / Thuringia - regeneration of the town hall castle -Ebersdorf. (1 January 2003 )
- Renaming the city Lobenstein Bad Lobenstein. (21 March. , 2005 )
- Resolution of the municipality Breitenhain - Inclusion in the town of Neustadt an der Orla (1 December 2010 )
- Resolution of the municipality Dragensdorf - Integration by Dittersdorf (1 December 2010 )
- Resolution of the municipality Chursdorf - Integration by Dittersdorf (31 December 2013)
- Resolution of the administrative community Tanna - Conversion of member communities in the city Tanna (1 January 1997 )
- Resolution of the administrative community Krölpa - Conversion of member communities in the united community Krölpa except Seisla which the administrative community Ranis - Ziegenriick joins. (1 January 1997 )
- Repeal of the independence of the community Krölpa - Connect to the administrative community Ranis goat back. (31 December 2013)