Christmas means something special, worthy of worship and word history comes from healing, which weakened still healing ( "whole" ) finds ( cf. English: holy, "sacred", from wholesale ). In common usage, a religious concept of a deity is associated with the sacred added significance thought to the divine sphere, consecrated. Equivalent to the foreign word is sacred uses, as opposed to profane (secular ).


" The Holy " became an element to determine the " true object " of the science of religion in the 20th century. Thus the Holy became the defining element of religion and the central subject of the science of religion. This concept of the holy is based largely on Judeo-Christian categories of transcendence. It is therefore not suitable to serve as a universal category of religious history. Because the latent monotheistic background blocks access to the polytheistic religions. Sigmund Freud characterized the term as opposition word, that is, as one of the ambiguity and ambivalence of affectivity underlying concept.

Some sites, buildings, trees, or mountains are called sacred places, especially in animism; in Christianity, such as when a saint ( Perfect ) worked there. Often churches were built on formerly pagan shrines. Font religions worship Holy Scriptures - in Christianity, the Bible, the Koran in Islam, in Judaism, the Torah.

" Separation from the profane and unconditional obligation character are typical because it is the place of collective identity definition for the sacred. "


In Judaism is " קדוש " (Hebrew kaddosch, "holy" ), a word that especially the simple meaning of "special" or " special " has, thus, in contrast to the profane (in the sense of " secular, normal, everyday " ) is.

" Be ye holy, for holy am I, YHWH your God. "

The Jewish tradition understands sacred in various ways. Most prominently, however, is the reference to the Torah and the commandments which God has revealed according to the tradition of the Tanakh at Sinai. The term includes basically the separation between the secular, the physical, the human one hand, the other hand the eternal nature God confronts and transcends it. The word that is in the book of Leviticus for this separation, hivdil, is used Genesis for the process of creation in the book. The Creation is understood as a process of orderly separation, the land and water, light, darkness - even holiness and profanity, justice and arbitrariness concerns. The Priesthood and Israel - a nation of priests - see themselves in the task of preserving this revealed at Sinai fine, since it depends the welfare of every Jew or Israelites, the people of Israel, even the humanity and the earth. (Note to cherish the good of humanity here does not mean to evangelize all people of the world to make soft or bloody struggle or forced conversion to Jews. It means for the Jews, of themselves and their holy commandments and their sacred doctrine ( = Torah ) to worry about. )

This separation, this order seems to be a gradual separation according to the Mishna, between the sanctuary and the sacred. The Mishnah lists about " circles of holiness " on: sanctum, vestibule to the inner sanctum hall of the priests, Hall of the Israelites, hall of women, Temple Mount walls of Jerusalem, all the walled cities of Israel, and the limits of the Holy Land, Eretz Israel. There are distinctions, what for whom is each area in which allowed. Also the calendar is divided so that the Shabbat is very sacred, as well as the day of repentance Yom Kippur, other festivals are holy, like the pilgrimage festivals. The Genesis sets the order of space and time as well, with the Sabbath, the day of rest God as temporal peak and the garden in Eden as a spatial correspondence to the temple.

In the holiness, the connection with God that it is necessary to organize the bidding in accordance with, and which affects in power if it gets sloppy or poorly by the people of the priests of Israel, entertained. There are several reports in the Bible about disease and destruction caused by improper handling or impure treatment of sacred things, such as the Blessed Sacrament. This relationship of divine order and divine power is considered sacred - hence the saint is a special connection with the divine proximity. The exact nature of the relationship of the divine power, proximity to the holy things is not clear or easily visible, but does not meet Holiness the eternal being, God. In a simple approximation, by acts of the eternal being, God, in and through the Holy the world. In Judaism, the nearness of God is associated with the existence of Israel. Religious Jews pray the holy commandments strive to meet in order to get a close relationship with God.

Jewish prayers which the name is derived from the root of " holy," hot Kaddish, Kiddush and Kedusha. The latter is a part of the Eighteen Prayer and forms the origin of the Christian Sanctus.

Other meanings of holy / unholy can be understood in parallel with: clean / unclean (3 Mos 10,10 EU, see tahor / tame ); free / unfree (3 Mos 11,45 EU); healing / harming (2 Mos 20,10.11 EU; Ps 119.66 EU; Spr 4.22 EU; 2 Tim 1.13 EU); true / false (Ps 93.5 EU; Rev. 3.7 EU; 6.10 EU).


In the New Testament there are three Greek words that are translated as holy:

  • ἅγιος - hagios - the translation of the Hebrew qadosch in the Septuagint, then translated in Latin with sanctus. It is by far the most common of the three terms in the New Testament. This term is used for the Holy Spirit ( call their Lord those who Jesus Christ ) for the saints, that are not legally pious meant, but called by God.
  • ὅσιος - Hosios - the translation of the Hebrew Hasid in the Septuagint. With Hasid or Hosios, is referred to, who acts according to the divine commandments - the sanctification of life change falls under this definition.
  • ἱερός - hieros - then translated in Latin with sacer. What the divine power belongs to or is filled with it - the opposite of hieros is profane.

In the New Testament the word is sacred less important in the context of worship, but in the knit of God expressions of life. The boundary between sacred and profane is put into perspective, in contrast to the strict separation of the two in Judaism: God is Spirit, so that the question of the rightful place of worship, pure and impure is less important than the love of neighbor ( parable from unnecessary Samaritan ), the predicate is not only sacred to the priests, but to all Christians.


In the asceticism of the Catholic tradition is meant by the attribute holy union with God, the alignment of one's own actions to the will of God. Only with the death of the Unificatio (Latin for " Association") is entirely possible. From one who has endeavored to realize this union here on earth, they say, he had led a holy life. The proof of a saintly life is common prerequisite for canonization.

The term holiness, and the Holy Father is a form of address in the Eastern and Western Church and in Buddhism. Commonly, the abbreviations are in the singular hl. (eg St. Antony ) or hl. , Sts. (Latin Ss. ) for several saints. In connection with the mysteries of Christ and the veneration of Mary is [ all ] sanctifiest ( hlgst., latin SANCTISSIMUM Ss. ) Usual ( The Blessed Sacrament, Sacred Heart ( of Jesus), Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, Sacred Blood ).