Salford, Greater Manchester

Salford [ sɔ lfəd ː ] is a city in the North West of England and part of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester. Historically it was part of Lancashire until 1974, the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester was founded. The crossed by the River Irwell city is directly connected to the city of Manchester, has about 73,000 inhabitants and is the largest settlement in the Metropolitan Borough of Salford City with 237,000 inhabitants.


Salford existed since the Middle Ages and developed before the Industrial Revolution as a major commercial center. Of importance was the trade with wool and other textiles. With the development of steam-powered looms and the associated emergence of cotton Salford became one of the most important cities at the beginning of the industrial age. Salford quickly developed into a densely built working-class city in the industrial area of Manchester.

Friedrich Engels, near the port facilities partakers of Ermen & Engels cotton mill in the newer western part Salfords, Salfords and gave the description of his living conditions in The Condition of the Working Class in England, especially a lot of space. There, he described Salford as even dirtier and poorer than the old quarter of the adjacent Manchester: "All Salford is built in courtyards or narrow streets that are so narrow that they reminded me of the closest that I have seen, namely the narrow alleys of Genoa. In this regard, the average type of Salford is still significantly worse than that of Manchester, and so it is with the cleanliness. " Description of these slums that dominated Salford, primarily related to the northeastern areas opposite the old town of Manchester. During the 19th century, the south-west was increasingly built-up, where the living conditions in the new settlements were only slightly better.

The de-industrialization of Britain, whose industrial center once stood in the area of ​​Greater Manchester, has left an impact in Salford and led to restructuring. The closure of the port facilities in 1982 was answered years later with the onset of the first and largest urban restructuring measures which brought about a fundamental change in Salfords. In the former docks, today " Salford Quays ", new modern residential areas and cultural institutions have been created. The main features of the " Salford Quays " include the theater and event complex " Lowry Centre " as well Opened in 2011, " MediaCityUK ", the newest location of the BBC. The old housing estates Salfords are still drawn in isolated areas of decay, while new housing estates, parks and shopping as leisure facilities increasingly modernize the city. The unemployment rate is slightly above average. Salford was one of the centers of the riots in England in 2011.

Education and Culture

The University of Salford went with almost 20,000 students in 1967 from the followers of the Salford Working Men 's College (founded 1858 ) and the Pendleton Mechanics Institute forth (est. 1850). In addition, in 2009 a number of colleges in the city to Salford City College have joined forces. Was of great importance for the pop culture Northwest of England and is also the Salford Lads Club, a leisure club for young people, in which, among other bands like The Hollies and Oasis took their beginnings. The Working Class Movement Library is also located one of the largest collections of printed material on the history of the labor movement in Salford. The still widely popular song " Dirty Old Town " by Ewan MacColl was originally a tribute to his hometown of Texters Salford.

The film East is East (1999) plays in Salford.


Industrialization brought many Irish -born working-class families in the region. Salford since 1850 the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Salford. The neo-Gothic St. John's Cathedral was built from 1844 to 1848.


Salford is in the transport association Greater Manchester (Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive GMPTE ). In addition to various bus routes passing through a tram Salford. In addition, the city has two railway stations: Salford Central, Salford besides serving the northern center of Manchester, providing links to Manchester Victoria, the northern countryside and occasionally to Liverpool and Yorkshire. Salford Crescent direct buses trains to Manchester Piccadilly, Preston all the way to Scotland.


Salford served as a model for the fictional industrial town of Weathersfield, in which the successful British soap opera Coronation Street playing.