Salvador de Madariaga

Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo ( born July 23, 1886 in A Coruña, † December 14, 1978 in Muralto, Switzerland ) was a national liberal Spanish diplomat and writer.


On July 23, 1886 Madariaga was born the son of a Basque officer. His school he graduated in Madrid at the Instituto del Cardenal Cisneros. As a 14 -year-old he came to Paris, where he studied 1906-1908 at the Ecole Polytechnique engineering. He completed his studies with a diploma. That same year he enrolled at the Ecole des Mines of Engineering. This study, he finished as the top of his class.

During his studies Madariaga incidentally began to work as a journalist. This activity he maintained while he was employed as an engineer at the northern Spanish railway company since 1911.

Madariaga 1912 married the Scottish economy historian Constance Archibald. With her he had two daughters. 1916 Madariaga left the Railway Administration in Madrid and was a correspondent for the Times to London and stayed until 1921 when this newspaper. He then worked as a freelance writer and journalist.

Madariaga 1927 took up an appointment to Oxford and became professor of Spanish literature. After the proclamation of the Spanish Republic, he immediately returned to his homeland. He was elected to the National Assembly and went in May 1931 as ambassador to Washington.

In 1932 to 1934 he was ambassador in Paris. In parallel, he was 1931-1936 Member of the Spanish legation in the League of Nations; In addition, he held the office of the Spanish Minister of Education for a short time in 1934. Madariaga 1936 emigrated to Oxford, where he taught at his former college the next 40 years. In 1970, when his wife died, Madariaga married in the same year Emilia Székely Rauman. In 1949 he was one of the co - founders of the College of Europe in Bruges.

1972 Madariaga went to Switzerland and settled in Locarno. Only after the death of General Franco, he returned - visit example - to Spain. There, he held forty year delay his inaugural speech at the Spanish Academy of Language in Madrid.

Salvador de Madariaga was honored in 1973 with the Charlemagne Prize, which he received for contributions to the European idea and European peace.

A part of the building of the European Parliament in Strasbourg bears his name (abbreviated SDM).

At the age of 92 years, Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo died on 14 December 1978 in Muralto at Locarno in Switzerland. He is the great uncle of Javier Solana.


  • The heirs of the conquistadors. German publishing house GmbH, Stuttgart, 1947.
  • Simon Bolivar. The liberator of Spanish America. Manesseplatz -Verlag, Zurich, 1986, 2nd edition 1989, ISBN 3-717-58066-3; German first under the title of Bolivar. German publishing house, Stuttgart 1961.
  • The West: Army without banners. A strategy of the Cold War. Scherz Verlag, Stuttgart 1961.
  • Morning without lunch. Memories from 1921 to 1936. Propylaea Verlag, Berlin 1972.
  • Columbus. Discover new worlds. Wilhelm Heyne Verlag, Munich 1975.
  • Portrait of Europe. Stuttgart 1939
  • The Heart of Jade. Alfred Scherz Verlag, Bern 1957
  • Spain. German publishing house, Stuttgart 1979 ( 3rd edition ). ISBN 3-421-01925-8
  • A drop of time. Alfred Scherz Verlag, Bern 1961