Samajwadi Party

The Samajwadi Party (Hindi: समाजवादी पार्टी Samājvādī Parti [ sʌmɑ ː ː dʒʋɑ DI pɑ ː rʈi ]; " Socialist Party") is a political party in India, which has its basis primarily in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The SP is based on an alliance of the lower castes with the Muslim minority - a box combination comprising at least one third of the votes secured her in elections. It is led by former Defence Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav.

The Samajwadi Party ( SP) is one of several successor organizations of the two former Socialist parties in 1977, mostly in the experiment Janata Party, which ruled for a short time, aufgingen. The SP emerged from the divisions, after 1991 or after 1996 to the ever-increasing disintegration of the social democratic Janata Dal ( leading party in the governing coalition from 1989 to 1991 ) resulted. Although the SP good contacts with the Left Front, as well as progressive other fragments of the former Janata Dal cares - Mulayam and the other party leaders know in part already personally from the times of the socialist student movement in the 70s - she keeps a certain distance from the Congress party, before especially its president Sonia Gandhi. After the parliamentary elections in April / May 2009, the Samajwadi Party declared that he would support the government led by the Congress Party to prevent a possible coalition government with the participation of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

Your base has the SP, especially in India's most populous state of Uttar Pradesh, where they repeatedly asked the government. Mulayam Singh Yadav, the party leader was the Chief Minister ( head of government) from 1993 to 1995 and from 2003 to 2007, his son Akhilesh Yadav is since 2012 in office. In the parliamentary elections in Uttar Pradesh, 2012, the SP won 224 of 404 parliamentary seats in Uttar Pradesh. At the all-India general election of 2009, the SP was able to win 23 seats, all in Uttar Pradesh. In other states, the SP only plays a minor role in it. In Maharashtra, it is represented with four seats in Parliament, in the states of Karnataka and West Bengal, it makes each one delegate.