Samuel Caruthers (* October 13, 1820 in Madison County, Missouri, † July 20, 1860 in Cape Girardeau, Missouri ) was an American politician. From 1853 to 1859 he represented the State of Missouri in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Samuel Caruthers graduated from Cumberland University in Lebanon (Tennessee). After a subsequent study of law and qualifying as a lawyer, he began to work in Fredericktown in this profession. In 1844 he moved to Cape Girardeau, where he held several local offices. Politically he was first a member of the Whig party.
In the congressional elections of 1852 Caruthers was in the then newly- seventh Election District of Missouri in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he took up his new mandate on March 4, 1853. After two re- election he was able to complete in Congress until March 3, 1859 three legislative periods. These were determined by the events and discussions that preceded the Civil War. In the 1850s Caruthers ' party broke up. Therefore, he first joined the short-lived opposition party, as their candidate, he was re-elected in 1854. Over the next Parliament, he became a member of the Democrats, for which he successfully ran in 1856 for the Congress. He took in his three terms of office as congressman three different political parties.