Samuel Parker (bishop of Oxford)

Samuel Parker ( * September 1640 in Northampton, † March 20, 1687 in Oxford ) was an English theologian and Bishop of Oxford.


Until 1656, Parker lived in his hometown, which was regarded as Puritan stronghold. At the age of 16 he was accepted into Oxford at Wadham College. From 1660 to 1667 he studied at Trinity College, Oxford: Here he converted to the Church of England, reached in 1663 the degree of Master of Arts and was ordained in 1664. In this phase also Parkers literary activity began: Between 1665 and 1667 published three philosophical and theological works, of which he devoted a Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury. From this he was appointed in 1667 as a priest ( rector ) of Chartham ( Kent). Parker involved in various writings position against the toleration of the Protestant nonconformists. This public debate was conducted mainly in the years 1667-1673. 1670 he has been archdeacon ( archdeacon ) of Canterbury. Added to this was the 1671 work as a priest ( rector ) of Ickham. Parkers rigorous positions provoked some sharp guided discussions: Against Andrew Marvell denied Parker, by advocating government regulation in the religious sphere; with the Catholic theologian Antoine Legrand was a dispute as Parker 's philosophy of René Descartes, Cartesianism and the Epicureans in the polemic Disputationes de Deo et Providentia Divina ( 1678) attacked sharp. In spite of his stance on the so-called toleration controversy Parker was brought by Charles II to London. His task there has not yet been finally clarified; However, it seems possible that it the work History of His Own Times wrote for Charles, which was however not published until 1727. King James II appointed Parker in 1686 to the Bishop of Oxford and a year later appointed head of Magdalen College. It has often been suggested that Parker was Roman Catholic; However, the rumor he contradicted always.


  • Tentamina Physico - Theologica de Deo. London: 1665th
  • An Account of the Nature and Extent of the Divine Dominion & Good Eat. Oxford: 1666.
  • A Free and Impartial Censure of the Plato Nick philosophy. Oxford: 1666.
  • A Discourse of Ecclesiastical Politie. London: in 1670.
  • A Defence and Continuation of the Ecclesiastical Politie. London: 1671st
  • A reproof to the Rehearsal Transprosed. London: in 1673.
  • Disputationes de Deo et Providentia Divina. London: 1678th
  • A demonstration of the Divine Authority of the Law of Nature and of the Christian Religion in Two Parts. London: 1681st
  • The Case of the Church of England. London: 1681st
  • An Account of the Government of the Christian Church for the First Six Hundred Years. London: in 1683.
  • Religion and Loyalty. London: 1684th
  • Religion and Loyalty, the Second Part London: 1685.
  • ' Reasons for Abrogating the Test Imposed upon all Members of Parliament. London: 1688.
  • A Discourse Sent to the Late King James. London: 1690th
  • History of His Own Times. London: 1727th