Samuel Shellabarger (congressman)

Samuel Shellabarger ( born December 10, 1817 with Enon, Clark County, Ohio; † August 7, 1896 in Washington DC ) was an American politician. Between 1861 and 1873 he represented three times the state of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Samuel Shellabarger attended the public schools of his home. Then he studied until 1841 at Miami University in Oxford. After studying law and his 1846 was admitted as a lawyer, he started working in Springfield in this profession. At the same time he embarked on a political career. In the years 1852 and 1853 he sat as an MP in the House of Representatives from Ohio. Later he became a member of the Republican Party, founded in 1854.

In the congressional elections of 1860 Shellabarger was selected in the eighth electoral district of Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington, where he became the successor of Benjamin Stanton on March 4, 1861. Since he has not been confirmed in 1862, he was initially able to do only one term in Congress until March 3, 1863. This was marked by the events of the Civil War. In the elections of 1864 Shellabarger was selected in the seventh district of his state in Congress, where he Samuel S. Cox replaced on March 3, 1865. After a re-election, he could remain until March 3, 1869 U.S. House of Representatives. In this time, the end of the Civil War fell. Since 1865 the work of the Congress was overshadowed by the tensions between the Republicans and President Andrew Johnson, which culminated in a narrowly failed impeachment. In the years 1865 and 1868 the 13th and the 14th Amendment to the Constitution were ratified.

1868 renounced Samuel Shellabarger on another candidacy. Between April and December 1869, he was the successor of James E. Harvey American ambassador in Portugal. In 1870 he was re-elected in the seventh district of his state in Congress, where he replaced James J. Winans on March 4, 1871 which was two years before become his successor. Until March 3, 1873, he could spend another term in the House of Representatives. In 1872, he did not run. During this time he was Chairman of the Trade Committee. Shellabarger also made ​​a name by a bill introduced by him to combat the Ku Klux Klan. The draft was approved by both chambers of Congress and enforced by President Ulysses S. Grant in force. After his time in Parliament Samuel Shellabarger again practiced as a lawyer. In the years 1874 and 1875 he was a member of the United States Civil Service Commission. He died on August 7, 1896 in Washington, and was buried in Springfield.