San Esteban de Gormaz

San Esteban de Gormaz is a North Spanish city and a municipality ( municipio ) in the province of Soria of the Autonomous Community of Castile -Leon. The place was as a cultural ( Bien de Interès Cultural ) recognized in the category Conjunto histórico - artístico. The municipality also includes the following 18 localities: Aldea de San Esteban, Atauta, Ines, Matanza de Soria, Morcuera, Olmillos, Pedraja de San Esteban, Peñalba de San Esteban, Piquera de San Esteban, Quintana Rubias de Abajo, Quintana Rubias de Arriba, Quintanilla de Tres Barrios, Rejas de San Esteban Soto de San Esteban, Torrano, Torremocha de Ayllón, Velilla de San Esteban and Villálvaro.


The small town of San Esteban de Gormaz is - in a strategic position to the south by the River Duero and to the north by a steep rock face protected - on the north bank of the River Douro at a height of about 850 meters above sea level. d. M. The next largest cities are El Burgo de Osma (about 12 kilometers east ) and Aranda de Duero ( about 46 kilometers west ); the provincial capital Soria is located about 55 kilometers north-east. The lovely town of Berlanga de Duero is located approximately 37 km to the southeast; from there it is only about 11 kilometers to Caltojar. The place is located at two tourist roads - the Ruta de Lana ( " Wool Road" ) and the Camino del Cid ( "Way of the Cid ").


In the second half of the 19th century until 1960, the place had always population of about 2000. The strong population increase between 1960 and 1970 is due to the incorporation of several formerly independent villages.


San Esteban de Gormaz was since its re-colonization ( repoblación ) in the 11th and 12th centuries of agriculture, where both agriculture and cattle breeding and dairy farming was dependent highly possible. Due to the mechanization of agriculture, the population of the village is gradually decreased. San Esteban de Gormaz has share in the wine region of Ribera del Duero. Also the cultural and hiking tourism play an important role in the economic life of the community.


The area of San Esteban de Gormaz was already inhabited in prehistoric times. Also evidence of the Romans and the Moors were found. The Muslims considered the place to be so important that they built a castle. You and the village (then Castromoro = " Moorish castle " called ) was the 9th and 11th century dispute between Moorish and Christian troops, until finally it finally fell to the Kingdom of Castile.

It is recorded that in 1187 the first Cortes de Castilla - albeit without voting rights - met in San Esteban. By the end of the 18th century, the city grew and gained steadily in importance. At this time were counted around 3000 inhabitants, divided into four parishes, outside the village, there were two monasteries. Then the place got more and more important; in 1808, the medieval castle was destroyed by the French. The inhabitants lived in the subsequent phases of great poverty and left the place in search of better living conditions.


  • The entire town has been declared a Conjunto histórico - artístico; worth seeing, especially the rectangular main square ( plaza mayor ), with its arcaded houses. From the ensemble of the two Romanesque churches stand out:
  • The San Miguel Church is a Romanesque church with the earliest, typical for the region south porch ( portico or galería Porticada ).
  • The Church of Nuestra Señora del Rivero is a bit younger, but also built in the Romanesque style. Also it has a south porch.
  • One of the former castle ( castillo ) belonging Wall overlooks the town.
  • A surface consisting of huge stone blocks bridge ( puente romano ) spans the River Duero.
  • Inaugurated in 2005 " theme park Romanesque " ( Parque del Temático Románico ) is located about 2.5 kilometers south of the city, showing scale models of a dozen Romanesque churches in the provinces of central Spain.
  • In the suburb Rejas de San Esteban, two other Romanesque churches are with Südvorhallen, San Martín and San Ginés.
  • About four miles out, in the field of the suburbs Quintanilla de Tres Barrios, is a native of the Islamic era tower ( atalaya ). The former only with the help of a ladder to reach the entrance is now provided with a staircase.

Sons and daughters of the community

  • Faustino Rupérez ( b. 1956 ), cyclist