Sandau (Elbe ) is a town in the district of Stendal, in Saxony- Anhalt and part of the municipality Elbe-Havel of land. With a population of 948 Sandau is the second smallest city in Saxony- Anhalt and one of the smallest cities in Germany.


In a later than 1192 issued certificate is Sandau (as village Sandowe ) first mentioned ( Hermann Krabbo: Regesten the Margrave of Brandenburg ..., No. 476). In 1272 the town rights. By 1200, construction began on the very well-fortified late Romanesque church than three-aisled basilica in brick construction. The wide tower had a hipped roof. The church was destroyed in 1695 during a big fire up on the perimeter. 1858/59, the baroque interior modifications were again eliminated at a restoration.

From 1680 Sandau was as Immediatstadt reports directly to the Brandenburg- Prussian Duchy of Magdeburg and was until 1807 in Jerichow 's circle. She was the northernmost city of the Duchy.

In April 1945, the city was almost completely destroyed after a stationed near unit of the Waffen- SS had prevented the surrender and shot a U.S. envoy. After twelve days of shelling by U.S. troops stationed linkselbisch this occupied the small rechtselbisch located city on 25 April 1945.

Was largely destroyed during the fighting, the Church of St. Lawrence / St. Nicolaus. The nave has restored in the 1950s and 1970s, the massive tower was in ruins. In 2002 his reconstruction was begun. In 2008 he was restored to the third floor, also he was still in ruins. By the end of 2012, the tower will be completed with a roof turret.


Coat of arms

Blazon: "In gold a black grooved, red castle, consisting of a crenellated wall and two towers with pointed roofs beknauften and one each window opening; the towers connected by a flattened roof with attached beknauften cone; including a blue -clad holy Mauritius with breastplate and belted silver sword in his left hand a split of red and silver shield, a blue lance in his right hand holding with silver, red crossed troop. "

The coat of arms in its currently valid form was designed in 1996 and documented as part of the approval process from Kommunalheraldiker Jörg Mantzsch.


The city Sandau ( Elbe) has a red and gold (yellow ) stripes flag with applied crest.


Sandau is located on the Romantic Road, which runs here over the federal highway 107. The Sandau Ferry performs as part of the national road 8 on the Elbe.

The railway line Schönhausen - Sandau was discontinued in 1997. The route to the south is now part of Elbradweges. In passenger buses of the regional transport company West Saxons ( RVW ) run stendalbus under the brand name.


The Evangelical Lutheran Church, called St. Nicholas or St. Lawrence, located on the highest point of the city. Your parish is part of the church district of Stendal. A country Ecclesial communion is domiciled at the Triftstraße.

The 14th- century castle, once the summer residence of the bishops of Magdeburg, in 1947 the Catholic Church passed as a children's home. Later, a nursing home was set up in the building, in the years 1999/2000 it was expanded. It is now called " Caritas nursing home St. Marien " in a sponsorship Caritas Society. The castle houses a Catholic chapel, is held in the part of the parish of St. Elizabeth ( Tangermünde ) worship.

Sons and daughters of the town

  • John Knipstro (1497-1556), Lutheran theologian and reformer
  • Samuel Christoph Wagener (1763-1845 in Potsdam), Lutheran theologian and the Berlin Enlightenment of related writers



Monument to the Polish 1st Army

Sandau ferry