Sanguisorba minor

Salad Burnet ( Sanguisorba minor)

The Small burnet ( Sanguisorba minor) is a plant species of the rose family ( Rosaceae ).


The Small burnet is a perennial, herbaceous plant that reaches the plant height of 20 to 100 centimeters. The stem is erect with rosettes arranged leaves. The leaves have 3-12 pairs of leaflets ovate to elliptic. The leaves are 0.5 to 2 cm long and have 3-9 teeth on each side.

The species has greenish flower heads 1-3 cm in diameter. The upper flowers are female, the middle and the lower often hermaphroditic male. The stamens are hanging and the scars brush-like and red. The fruit cup ( cupula ) with coarsely toothed is netzrunzelig or power bars.

The Small burnet flowers from May to August


The Small burnet is a perennial, often evergreen semi- rosette plant. He is a Rohbodenpionier with VA mycorrhiza. The plant is wind-pollinated, which is an exception in the rose family. The vorweiblichen flowers include the " Langstaubfädigen Type". The flowers have a green ( to reddish ) cup and are in globular heads. At the head stand up the female flowers with red brush-like scars, including hermaphroditic flowers and zuunerst the last maturing male flowers with long -stalked easily movable anthers., the arrangement and sequence of maturation promotes cross-pollination of the flowers. bees collect the pollen, so that there is also insect pollination. blooms from May to August. fruits are small nuts that are tightly surrounded by flower cups who shall serve as a flight and swimming apparatus for fruit the spread of fruit takes place as a balloon pilot and as Regenschwemmlinge, .. might also be expected with water adhesion and random dissemination fruit ripening is from July to October the fruits are winter stayer Vegetative propagation. . carried out by underground runners ( rhizomes).


The species is divided into two subspecies:

  • Sanguisorba minor subsp. minor ( Ex.: Poterium sanguisorba ) has four -edged, but wingless fruit calyces with Netted side surfaces. This subspecies is widespread in Central Europe.
  • Sanguisorba minor subsp. Balearica ( Bourg. ex Nyman ) Muñoz Garm. & C.Navarro (. .. .. Syn: Sanguisorba minor subsp muricata ( Spach ) Briq, S. minor subsp polygama ( Waldst. & Kit) Cout ), the four edges of the fruit calyx are winged; the side surfaces have rough serrated power bars and pitted depressions in between. This Mediterranean and sub-Mediterranean widespread subspecies appears mainly in Rasenansaaten.

Sanguisorba verrucosa (Link ex G. Don ) Ces. (Syn. Sanguisorba minor subsp. Verrucosa (Link ex G. Don ) Holmboe ) is now mostly seen as a separate species.

Locations and distribution

The Small burnet has its main distribution in Southern and Central Europe. He is a west side element and bound to the summer dry Etesienklima the Mediterranean countries and the Iranian- Turkestan highlands. It is native throughout South and Central Europe. The distribution area extends north to Scandinavia, to the south it includes North Africa and Southwest Asia in the east to Afghanistan.

The Small burnet grows on sunny, often premolars skimmed and semi- arid grassland. It prefers dry, usually calcareous, friable loam. He is some heat -loving and a Magerkeitszeiger. He settled the level to medium mountain areas ( in the Alps it is found up to 1220 m altitude).


The leaves and flowers have a slight cucumber-like taste, both can be used in cold drinks and also in salads. Also, they are to be used to flavor marinades, sauces, and poultry and fish dishes.

The Small burnet is a part of the " Hessian Green Sauce ", both after Frankfurt and Kassel according to recipe. He is Planted in any well-stocked herb garden. He is one of the herbs a classic cottage garden planting and still serves as an ornamental plant.

Also, the use as animal feed is common, especially since the small Burnet is found in every mowing.

Common names

The Small burnet is also known under the name of bleeding activist, blood droplets, Dunnock, dragon's blood, false pimpernel, for God's words, Korbel herb Költeltskraut, Red burnet, Sperber herb, meadow saxifrage, artemisia, mugs Flower, Small burnet, Welsche burnet, Garden burnet, Small bloodroot, Megenkraut, nail herb known or burnet burnet.

In particular, the terms " saxifrage ", " burnet " or " pimpernel " are frequently used in the market and in the food trade, but should be better avoided because they lead to confusion with " same " umbelliferous plants of the genus beaver Nellen (Pimpinella ).