Santa Barbara, California
Santa Barbara County
Santa Barbara is a city in California, United States. It is the capital of Santa Barbara County. In the 2010 survey a total of 92 325 inhabitants were counted in the city. Santa Barbara is considered the capital of the "American Riviera".
On December 4, 1786 as the tenth "pearl" in a long - chain emissions ( from Los Angeles and San Francisco to Sonoma ), the Mission Santa Barbara, who founded " Queen of the Missions ", northwest of Los Angeles Padre Fermin Lasuen of. Today, Santa Barbara is a great city, a magnet for tourists and a prominent place of residence. Compared to other California cities remained here the Spanish- Mexican influence in the urban landscape intact even after reconstruction, after Santa Barbara had been hit by an earthquake in 1925. The city planners decided for the restoration of destroyed building in the original style.
The city is the most expensive residential area in the United States. The average house price is 1.13 million U.S. dollars. This is more than twice as much as the average price in California, which is located at 564 430 U.S. dollars.
To the east of the city lies Montecito, a district that is among the richest in the United States. The average income here is 70 077 U.S. dollars, more than three times the national average ( 21,587 U.S. dollars). Due to the quiet, beautiful and prestigious location on many celebrities and wealthy retirees have settled there.
- 3.1 University
- 3.2 Buildings and Monuments
- 3.3 Museums
- 3.4 parks
- 3.5 Other
Location and size
The city is located about 137 km north- west of Los Angeles, just off the coast of the Pacific. It lies in a slight rise to the north hills between the Santa Ynez Mountains to the north and the Santa Barbara Channel in the south, which separates the Americas from the offshore Channel Islands. Details of the Cadastral Service of the United States, according to the city has a total area of 107.3 km ², of which 49.2 km ² of land and 58.1 km ² water. Thus, the water surface occupies 54.17 % of the total.
Due to its Mediterranean climate, this coast is often referred to on the south side of Santa Barbara County as the " American Riviera". The average annual precipitation is 450 mm / m².
Flora and vegetation
From south to north, a Vegetationsgradient can be observed. It ranges from sagebrush thickets along the coast over sclerophyllous thickets ( Chaparral ) to mostly loose oak and oak mixed forests on the mountain slopes. It is dominated by Quercus agrifolia and other sclerophyllous oaks and Pinus Sabiniana, also known as Digger pine.
Seabirds can be observed on the beaches. The pier is haunted by begging young pelicans. The Santa Barbara channel is used by the gray whales as a flyway. In summer romp there also blue whales. Boat whale watching tours start at the port of Santa Barbara.
After the 2000 survey, there are in the city 92 325 inhabitants, 35 605 households, and 18,941 families. The population density is 1878.1 persons per km ². 74.04 % are White, 2.77 % Asian, 1.77% African American, 1.07 % Native American and 0.14 % Pacific Islander. 16.37 % of the residents of Santa Barbara are of different ethnic origin and other 3.85% descendants of several, not listed above, ethnic origins. The proportion of the population are Hispanic within the different ethnic groups is 35.02 %.
Also worth mentioning is the large proportion iranischstämmiger inhabitants, about every sixth is of Iranian origin, a higher density is only available in Beverly Hills.
Of the 35 605 households 24.3% have children under the age of 18, 39.8 % are married couples, 9.5% are single mothers, 46.8 % have no family. 32.9 % of all households are single-person households. 11.4% have a member who is older than 65 years. The average household size is 2.47 persons and the average family size is 3.17 people.
19.5 % of the population are under 18, 13.8 % from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 20.4% between 45 and 64 and 13.8 % are older than 65 years. The average age is 35 years. The relationship between women and men is 100:97,0, for people over 18 years, the ratio is 100:95,0.
The median income for a household is $ 47,498 per family are $ 57,880. Males have a median income of $ 37,116 and women $ 31,911. The per capita income for the city is $ 26,466. 13.4 % of the population and 7.7 % of families are below the poverty line. In regard to the ages of these are 16.8% under age 18 and 7.4% over 65 years. Santa Barbara has a high proportion of homeless people in the population.
Culture and sights
As part of the University of California, the campus of the University of California, Santa Barbara is located in the suburb of Goleta. Also shown is the SBCC (Santa Barbara City College)
Buildings and Monuments
- Court House of Santa Barbara County: The magnificent building in the center of the city was built after the 1929 earthquake in Spanish-Moorish style palace and is surrounded by extensive green spaces. From 26 m high bell tower of the building the view extends far beyond the city to the Santa Ynez Mountains and the Pacific Ocean located in the Santa Cruz Island.
- Presidio Real " El Cuartel ": The Royal Fort was built in 1782 and forms the core settlement of Santa Barbara. It can be viewed as a State Historical Park.
- Mission Santa Barbara: The historic Mission building located northeast of downtown. It was founded in 1786 and was the 10th of 21 Franciscan missions in California. It was called " Queen of the Missions ". Services are held in the Mission Church today held still.
- The Historical Society Museum with an exhibition of local history displays documents, paintings, costumes and rarities from the Spanish, Mexican and American time in the city.
- Art Museum: Museum of the Art Association with sculptures, Oriental art and a small collection of contemporary American art.
- Natural History Museum: It is located in the immediate vicinity of the Mission Santa Barbara and is a natural history overview of Santa Barbara and the surrounding area, as well as the Pacific coast and the Channel Islands. In dioramas also the lives of the prehistoric Indians is shown. A planetarium is also connected.
- Carriage Museum: Displays old horse-drawn carriages from the early days of Santa Barbara.
- Railway Museum in the roundhouse of the Southern Pacific Railroad from 1901.
- Botanical Garden: It is located on the way to the Santa Ynez Mountains and is home to approximately 12 hectares of a selection of native trees, shrubs, cacti and herbs, as well as a 1806 Indians built the historic dam.
- Zoological Garden: The Santa Barbara Zoo is located on U.S. Highway 101 west of Montecito and is known for its elephants, lions, monkeys and sea lion enclosure. A botanical garden and a zoo are also on the premises.
- Shoreline Park: Park with old cypress trees and other native trees along the cliffs west of Santa Barbara. Through the park, a walking and bike path with views to the Channel Islands.
- Santa Barbara Bowl, built in 1936 Freilichtbuhne above Santa Babaras.
- The Moreton Bay fig: The largest fig tree planted in America in 1877 and has up to 50 m long branches. He is on U.S. Highway 101 south of the city center.
- The pier is an extension of the main street, State Street, in the Pacific Ocean beyond. It divides the Pacific Ocean beach in a western and an eastern beach.
- The Research Institute of General Motors in Santa Barbara, the lunar rover was 1969/70 developed, which came into use during the Apollo missions 15, 16 and 17.
- Santa Barbara is the location of the U.S. detective series Psych
- Various melodic punk rock bands such as Lagwagon or Buckwild come from Santa Barbara.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Taylor Atelian, Actress
- Joseph Bottoms, actor
- Sam Bottoms, actor
- Timothy Bottoms, actor
- Norris Bradbury, a physicist at the University of California, Berkeley
- Vivian Dettbarn - Slaughter, composer, pianist, singer and music teacher
- Corey Deuel, Pool player
- Anthony Edwards, actor
- Chip Foose, car tuner, designers and makers
- Victor French, actor and director
- Ben Gerstein, Jazz Musicians
- Lauren Graham, Actress
- Taylor Hackford, Film Director and Producer
- Taylor Handley, actor
- Joshua Kadison, musicians
- Erich Katz, musicologist, organist and composer
- Alex D. Linz, actor
- J. P. Manoux, actor
- Katy Perry, singer
- Paul Walker, actor
- Todd Rogers, beach volleyball player
- Robert Scheerer, director, film producer and actor
- Edie Sedgwick, actress, fashion model, High Society Party Girl
- Chris Shiflett, punk rock musician, guitarist for the Foo Fighters
- Mia Talerico, a child actress
- Brian Townsend, high stakes poker pro
- DevilDriver, thrash metal band from Santa Barbara
- Lagwagon, skate - punk band from Santa Barbara
- Mad caddies, ska punk band from Santa Barbara
- Rich Kids on LSD, punk band from Santa Barbara
- Snot hardcore / crossover band from Santa Barbara
- Sugarcult, punk - rock band from Santa Barbara
- Martin Gore, Depeche Mode songwriter and singer