Santa Francesca Romana, Rome
Santa Francesca Romana, also of Santa Maria Nuova, is a church in Rome, in the Rione Campitelli. Founded in the 9th century, the Minor Basilica of Frances of Rome is consecrated. It is located in the Roman Forum.
The church was built in the 9th century by order of Paul I, over a pre-existing Oratorio for Apostles Peter and Paul, which was built into the portico of the Temple of Venus and Roma, built. After the restoration in the 10th century it was dedicated to Mary and was named Sancta Maria Nova, as they Romanum and the other St. Mary's Church on the forum Santa Maria Antiqua replaced. In the 13th century the building under Pope Honorius III was. a remodeling subjected, from the dates of the church tower and the decoration of the apse. With the transfer of the relics of the saints Franziska in the 15th century, the church changed their patronage to assume its present. 1600-1615 Carlo Lombardi designed around the interior and rebuilt the facade in front.
Santa Francesca Romana carries the icon Madonna Glycophilousa ( " Madonna della dolcezza "), which dates from the 5th century. The work of art was brought from the church of Santa Maria Antiqua, due to their increasing decay here.
The Augsburg Confession was designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. His statue of the Holy Franziska disappeared during the Napoleonic occupation and in 1866 was re-created as a copy of Giosuè Mieli.
The place where the church stands, was according to tradition the place of death of Simon Magus. According to legend, Simon Magus wanted to prove that he had greater power than the Apostles Peter and Paul. So he floated before the saints in the air. Peter and Paul fell on their knees, praying, leading to the fatal fall of Simon. A marble slab with the knee prints of the Apostles is let into the south wall of the church.