Santa Monica, California
Los Angeles County
Santa Monica is a city in western Los Angeles County, California on the Pacific coast. It is located in the Santa Monica Bay, south of Pacific Palisades, Malibu and Brentwood, west of Westwood and Sawtelle and north of Venice. In 2008, the city had 87,664 inhabitants (estimate).
Santa Monica is situated on a cliff, which extends along the Pacific coast. Through the Palisades Park offers a superb view of the Pacific Ocean.
One of the landmarks of Santa Monica is the Santa Monica Pier, which was built in the 1920s and now houses a small amusement park. The pier with the Ferris wheel is a popular motif of the Hollywood film industry.
The Third Street Promenade is one of the few pedestrian zones in the greater Los Angeles area. Due to its proximity to the Santa Monica Pier is a popular spot for tourists and locals. In the evenings, many street performers entertain visitors along the about three blocks extending shopping area. The south end of the Third Street Promenade is completed by shopping at Santa Monica Place, which was designed by Frank Gehry.
Northwest of Santa Monica are the Santa Monica Mountains, up to 948 meters rising mountain range. Except on the Pacific coast, the city is surrounded on all sides by the metropolis of Los Angeles.
You can reach Santa Monica best over the approximately 10 km to the south Los Angeles International Airport.
Interstate 10 ( west of Los Angeles ' Santa Monica Freeway " called - east " San Bernardino Freeway " ) ends in Santa Monica near the pier and go here seamlessly in a northeasterly direction into the Pacific Coast Highway (PCH - Highway 1) in direction over Malibu. Interstate 10 runs from Santa Monica from east toward Downtown Los Angeles and shortly after crossing the city limits of Santa Monica Interstate 405 (San Diego Freeway).
Santa Monica has a multi- award winning network of bus routes; the Big Blue Bus uses modern vehicles and runs for Southern California standards comparatively frequently.
Until the beginning of the 20th century Santa Monica was connected by a tram line with Los Angeles. They eventually had to give way to the expanding automobile traffic.
In addition, Santa Monica has a local airport, Santa Monica Airport for charter flights, private and sport aircraft.
Main thoroughfares in Santa Monica are seen from the coast of San Vicente Boulevard, Montana Avenue, Wilshire, the Santa Monica and Ocean Park Boulevard. Parallel to the coast, these are the Pacific Coast Highway, Ocean Avenue / Neilson Way and Lincoln Boulevard ( the same is in the south-east and the Pacific Coast Highway 1) and the 26th Street.
The Santa Monica Pier, which was built in 1909, is one of the most famous attractions of the city. Next to the small Pacific Park amusement park with roller coaster and Ferris wheel It is also home to numerous restaurants and shops. In the Looff Hippodrome building at the beginning of the Pier is since 1947 an old carousel horse. The entrance of the Pier on Ocean Avenue is a white- blue gate, which is illuminated at night with neon lights.
A pedestrian zone " Third Street Promenade" with numerous shops, restaurants and movie theaters spread over three blocks from the shopping center Santa Monica Place and Wilshire Blvd. Street artists and musicians of all variations occur in numerous evenings on the road.
In Santa Monica and the historic Route 66 ends at the corner of Lincoln Blvd. / Olympic Blvd.
Health care is provided by two hospitals, both of which are located in a multi-year renovation period. The Saint John's Health Center was named the best municipal hospital of the American West Coast. The location near Santa Monica -UCLA Medical Center, a formerly urban hospital, is now a branch of the University Hospital UCLA in Westwood, which in turn is one of the 10 best U.S. hospitals.
The largest local church is the Roman Catholic Church of St. Monica at the intersection of 725 California Avenue and 7th Street. However, one does not need to appear in person, but can also watch a live stream on the Internet. However, there are also countless other churches.
Population and demographics
A significant minority of the population is meso- or Latino of any race. However, most inhabitants are of Caucasian ( "white" ) population attributable.
Data obtained from the census in 2000 84.084 inhabitants of Santa Monica lived in 44,497 households; among them were 16,775 families. The population density was 3,930 per km ². In the resort 47 863 units were recorded. Among the population was 78.3 % White, 3.8 % African American, 0.5% American Indian, 7.3 % Asian and 6.1% of other ethnic groups; 4.1 % reported belonging to several ethnic groups.
Among the 44,497 households 15.8% had children under the age of 18; 27.5 % were married couples living together. 51.2 % of households were single-person households. The average household size was 1.83 and the average family size 2.80 persons.
The population was spread out with 14.6% under the age of 18, 6.1 % from 18 to 24, 40.1% 25-44 years, 24.8% from 45 to 64 years and 14.4 % of 65 years or older. The median age was 39 years.
The average household income was $ 50,714, the average family income is $ 75,989. The per capita income in Santa Monica was $ 42,874. Under the poverty line lived 10.4% of the population. According to a projection for 2007, the values for the value of household income to $ 71,796 and family income have risen to $ 100,657.
The following table lists the population of Santa Monica since 1880, according to the results of the censuses from 1880 to 2000 and a projection for 2008 by the United States Census Bureau:
Santa Monica is an independent Los Angeles city and therefore also has its own administration and police. In Santa Monica, there are therefore numerous in contrast to Los Angeles different rules. So pedestrians are prohibited under penalty, the roads to cross off of pedestrian crossings or traffic lights.
Due to the proximity to the film industry often recur localities of Santa Monica in various films. The entrance to the Santa Monica Pier was a turning point of Forrest Gump as it travels across the USA. On the pier there is a restaurant of the Bubba Gump Shrimp Company, which was inspired by the movie. The horse carousel on the pier was a pursuit course of action and a shootout in the movie The network. A BigBlueBus the transport company was action space of speed. A scene in Terminator 2 played the mall Santa Monica Place. The TV series Baywatch played partly on the beach and the pier in Santa Monica.
Santa Monica has been twinned with the German city of Hamm ( North Rhine -Westphalia).
Sons and daughters of the town
- Tony Alva ( born 1957 ), professional skateboarder
- Sean Anderson (* 1988), rapper
- Kenneth Anger ( * 1927), and author Underground-/Avantgarde-Filmemacher
- Sean Astin (born 1971 ), actor, director, writer and producer
- Ernie Ball (1930-2004), musician and inventor
- Jack Black (born 1969 ), actor and musician
- Michael Chaplin ( born 1946 ), actor
- Geraldine Chaplin ( born 1944 ), actress
- Charmaine Craig (born 1970 ), actress and author
- Cameron Monaghan (* 1993), actor
- Kelly Curtis ( born 1956 ), film actress
- Joseph W. Dauben (1944 ), mathematics and science historian
- Baron Davis ( born 1979 ), NBA player
- Scott Davis (born 1962 ), tennis player
- John Densmore ( born 1944 ), drummer of the rock band The Doors
- Trent Dilfer (born 1972 ), football player
- Miguel Ferrer ( b. 1955 ), actor
- Linda Gray ( born 1940 ), actress
- Frank Gifford ( born 1930 ), football player, sportscaster
- Sara Gilbert ( born 1975 ), actress
- Bob Gunton ( born 1945 ), film and theater actor
- Richard Hatch ( born 1945 ), actor
- David Hayter (born 1969 ), voice actor, actor and screenwriter
- Derek Hill (born 1978 ), American racing driver
- Anjelica Huston ( born 1951 ), actress
- Scott Kalitta (1962-2008), Dragster pilot
- Lorenzo Lamas (born 1958 ), actor
- Lorna Luft ( born 1952 ), singer and actress
- Sidney air (1915-2005), film producer
- Tobey Maguire ( born 1975 ), actor
- Richard Maibaum (1909-1991), Writer
- Stephen Malkmus (born 1966 ), musician
- Mark Mancina ( born 1957 ), composer
- Dave Navarro (born 1967 ), guitarist and drummer
- Tracy Nelson ( born 1963 ), actress
- Sean Penn ( b. 1960 ), actor, director and author
- Robert Redford ( b. 1936 ), actor, director and producer
- Christina Ricci ( born 1980 ), actress
- Randy Rhoads (1956-1982), a rock guitarist in the 1980s
- Austin Rivers (* 1992), NBA player
- Gloria Stuart (1910-2010), actress
- Amber Tamblyn ( b. 1983 ), actress
- Shirley Temple (1928-2014), actress
- Hutch Dano (* 1992), actor
- Robert Trujillo (born 1964 ), musician
- Suzanne Vega ( born 1959 ), singer-songwriter
- Joseph Williams ( born 1960 ), rock singer