37.682523.6Koordinaten: 37 ° 41 'N, 23 ° 36' O
The Saronic Gulf ( Greek Σαρωνικός Κόλπος, Saronikos Kólpos ) in Greece is part of the Aegean Sea, the Mediterranean Sea.
It is separated by the Isthmus of Corinth from the Gulf of Corinth. However, since 1893 it is connected by the construction of the Corinth Canal with that. In the area of the Saronic Gulf are the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Agistri, Poros, and the Methana peninsula. In front of the Saronic Gulf, in the transition region to the Gulf of Argolis are also the islands of Hydra and dokos.
The name comes from the mythical king Saron who pursued a doe at Psifäischen lake (today Psifta ) into the sea and drowned. Near the brackish lake there was his sanctuary. The Saronic Gulf and in him bordering regions ( Attica, Peloponnese ), the cradle of European culture. Here was the first prehistoric sanctuaries and cities (Athens, Aegina and other ). The Battle of Salamis against the Persians has shaped the development of Europe to this day.
Geologically, the Saronic Gulf interesting because it is the most north-western foothills of the Cycladic arc with its active volcanoes today. In the area of the Saronic Gulf are the volcanic areas of Krommyonia ( Isthmus of Corinth ), Aegina, Poros and Methana. The region remains vulnerable due to tectonic changes (earthquakes and volcanic eruptions ).