Saskatoon [ ˌ sæskətu ː n] is a city in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. It is located on the South Saskatchewan River and covers an area of 144 km ². The city has about 200,000 inhabitants, making it even before the Regina, the most populated province.
The metropolitan region of Saskatoon ( census metropolitian area) has a total of 260 600 inhabitants. This makes it the siebzehntgrößte Canada and Vancouver ( 2.31 million ), Calgary ( 1.21 million ), Edmonton (1.15 million), Victoria ( 344 615 ), the fifth largest in the western three provinces of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan (Source: 2011 Census ).
Within the urban area of Saskatoon crossing eight bridges - two of them for the railway - the South Saskatchewan River, so the city is often called the " City of Bridges" or " Paris of the Plains ". The University of Saskatchewan has 19,469 students ( 2011) and is the main employer in the town.
- 4.1 Raw material extraction
- 4.2 Technology Industry and Manufacturing
- 4.3 services industry
- 7.1 colleges
- 7.2 Elementary and High Schools
- 8.1 motorways
- 8.2 flight connections
- 8.3 Rail transport
- 8.4 Public transport
Saskatoon is not only centrally located in the heart of the province of Saskatchewan, but also in the middle of the inhabited part of Canada. The city is located 780 km northwest of Winnipeg ( Manitoba ), 525 km southeast of Edmonton ( Alberta). After Calgary ( Alberta), there are 625 kilometers. 250 km south of Saskatoon is Regina. These places are reachable within one hour's flight from Saskatoon John G. Diefenbaker International Airport. The U.S. border is located at a distance of about 400 km.
The city has excellent transport links and is therefore "the hub city of the prairies " ( transport hub of the prairie ) called.
In Saskatoon to meet the various national and regional highways, so among other things, the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba connecting Yellowhead Highway ( officially Saskatchewan Provincial Highway 16) and Highway 11 towards Regina, the there again on the Trans-Canada Highway meets. The network of railways Canadian National Railway ( CN) and Canadian Pacific Railway ( CPR) in each case leads through Saskatoon.
, Operated by VIA Rail Canada transcontinental long-distance train The Canadian represents the Saskatoon connection here to the North American rail network, which results in direct trains towards Edmonton - Jasper - Vancouver and Winnipeg in the direction of Toronto. Distance buses connect Saskatoon, among others, Calgary and Regina. In addition, the city has an international airport.
The city was founded in 1882 by a group of colonists of the Temperance Colonization Society. The aim was to ensure the central location of the city to trade in goods. The following year, John Lake moved permanently to the newly formed city. The settlers traveled by train from Ontario to Moose Jaw and then continue with horses and carriages, as the train was not yet completed.
In 1885 the Northwest Rebellion affected the growth of the city. Chief Whitecap and Charles Trottier passed through the present-day university campus and joined the rebel soldiers of Louis Riel on. There were two battles, the Battle of Fish Creek and the Battle of Batoche. Wounded Canadian soldiers were treated in the Marr Residence. This building is a historical monument since 1982.
Cityscape and Tourist Attractions
In the city center you will find a variety of shopping opportunities. The 2nd Avenue is regarded as the main shopping street which connects all major points of each other. Among the largest shopping malls, the Midtown Plaza, which opened on July 30, 1970, and from 131 shops, several restaurants and cafes heard there. At the shopping center, a twelve -story office building and an event hall are connected. Another shopping center is the Market Mall with over 90 shops, restaurants and cafes. The Centre is a shopping center with 99 shops and several restaurants. Scotia Centre Mall is a small shopping center with an office building, where offices, among others, Potash Corp. and the Scotiabank located.
The local police authority (Saskatoon Police Service ) is composed of 475 officers. Furthermore, Corman Park Police Service and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in use. Saskatoon has three hospitals: Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon City Hospital and St. Paul 's Hospital
The largest museum on the history of the province is the Saskatchewan Western Development Museum. The Mendel Art is an art museum with 5,000 exhibits and is located in City Park, Saskatoon. The Marr Residence is a historic building, which is a listed building and served the late 18th century, the supply of soldiers. The building played an important role in the Battle of Fish Creek. The Wilson 's Entertainment Park is an amusement park with a few rides. The Broadway Theatre offers several performances a week. Another attraction is the Delta Bessborough Hotel in the city center, which was opened by the Canadian National Railway in 1930. Saskatoon has several parks, the Friendship Park or the Mendel Riverbank and Iceland Sanctuary on the Saskatchewan River.
Economically significant are the mining potash and oil and agriculture and the service sector in Saskatoon.
Extraction of raw materials
The world 's largest companies for uranium, Cameco, and the world's largest potash producer, Potash Corp. , Have their headquarters in Saskatoon. Almost two-thirds of the world's potash reserves are located in the Saskatoon region. Other companies headquartered in Saskatoon are the French company AREVA NC and BHP Billiton. Furthermore, several medium-sized enterprises in commodity production based in the city and Others Denis Mines, United Uranium and Star Uranium.
Technology Industry and Manufacturing
In addition to attracting Erdrohstoffen several technology companies are headquartered in the city, to include Hitachi Canadian Industries, CNH Global, International Road Dynamics, Siemens Laser Works Inc., SED Systems, General Electric. Many of these companies have their headquarters at the Innovation Place Research Park.
The central location of Saskatoon's many transport companies distribution centers operate. Several banks have headquarters in the city, including, the First Nations Bank of Canada, Concentra Financial, Affinity Credit Union, TCU Financial Group. Furthermore, operate several retail companies and other service locations in the city such as Walmart Canada.
The largest employers in the city include:
- Saskatoon Health Region ( 11,000 )
- University of Saskatchewan ( 7,170 )
- Potash Corp. ( 4879 )
- Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology ( 2,150 )
- Federated Co -operatives ( 2000 )
- Graham Construction & Engineering ( 2000 )
- Siemens Transportation Group ( 1915 )
- Maple Leaf Foods ( 1000 )
- Bank of Nova Scotia ( 783 )
- Vecima Networks ( 782 )
- CNH Global ( 750 )
- Yanke Group (750)
- Cameco ( 654 )
- Concorde Group of Companies (650)
- AREVA Resources Canada (500)
Temperatures in Saskatoon move in January on average at -17 ° C and in July at 19 ° C. In summer, a severe drought, as there are often several weeks does not rain. Saskatoon is considered to be sunnier than other Canadian cities. The average annual sunshine of 2380 hours without rain clouds. In the summer months extremely high temperatures up to 40 ° C can be achieved. Thunderstorms and severe weather are held usually during the summer months. This includes hail, storms, high winds and tornadoes.
The lowest temperature ever recorded was -50 ° C in 1893, the highest temperature 40.6 ° C on June 5, 1988.
In parentheses Greater Saskatoon
- 2002: 199 669 ( 231 487 )
- 2003: 202 564 ( 232 273 )
- 2004: 205.600 ( 233 671 )
- 2005: 205,900 ( 235 242 )
- 2006: 207,200 ( 236 797 )
(Source: Statistics Canada )
Saskatoon has several universities and colleges ( colleges ):
- University of Saskatchewan
- The St. Thomas More College is a Catholic -oriented University of the University of Saskatchewan.
- The First Nations University of Canada has a campus in Saskatoon at the corner of 7th Avenue North & Duke Street. The main campus is located in Regina.
- Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology
- Gabriel Dumont Institute
- Saskatoon Business College
- Saskatoon Broadcasting School
- Saskatchewan Indian Institute of Technologies
Elementary and High Schools
Saskatoon has 78 elementary schools ( Elementary ), and 14 high schools ( secondary schools up to class 12), which are visited by 37,000 school-age children. The schools are under the supervision of three authorities: the Saskatoon Public School Division, Saskatoon Catholic School Division and the Conseil des Ecoles Fransaskoises.
Saskatoon is located on the Yellowhead Highway a section of the Trans-Canada Highway system, also known as Highway 16, which connects the provinces of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta and British Columbia each other. The Highways 5, 7, 11, 12, 14, 41, 219, 684, and 762 perform all of Saskatoon, passed.
The following bridges cross over the South Saskatchewan River in Saskatoon ( order south to north ):
- Grand Trunk Bridge ( Railway Bridge )
- Circle Drive South Bridge ( completed in July 2013 )
- Senator Sid Buckwold Bridge
- Traffic Bridge ( closed in August 2010)
- Broadway Bridge
- University Bridge in Saskatoon
- CPR Bridge ( Railway Bridge )
- Circle Drive Bridge
Some of the traffic nodes were designed as Seagull Intersection with less conflicts for road users.
The Saskatoon / John G. Diefenbaker International Airport has two start / runways and is served by regional airlines. Non- stop connections are available for Calgary, Chicago, Denver, Edmonton, Las Vegas, Minneapolis, Ottawa, Prince Albert, Regina, Toronto, Vancouver and Winnipeg. Seasonal connections there to Mexico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Churchill in Manitoba. The airport is among other things by the airlines Air Canada, Westjet and Purolator Courier fly who also run several freight hubs at the airport. 15 km southeast of Saskatoon is a smaller one of the Saskatoon / Corman Air Park Airport.
The Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway offer daily connections between different cities. Both providers operate the infrastructure and cooperate with each other. In Saskatoon, a stopping point of the train The Canadian, located throughout Canada moves. The station is located in the west suburbs and opened in 1960 after the old station was closed and demolished in the city center to the TCU Place and other businesses set up the Midtown Plaza.
The inner city, public transport is operated by Saskatoon Transit. The supra-regional public passenger transport is operated by Saskatchewan Transportation Company, which connects all municipalities with Saskatoon in the province. The Saskatoon bus terminal is also served by Greyhound Canada, which offers a connection between Manitoba and Alberta.
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- List of personalities from Saskatoon