Sassen was a landscape in East Prussia in today's Poland. They existed as a canton of the Prussians before the conquest by the Teutonic Order.

Geographical Location

Sassen lay to the east of Pomesania (border around the river Drewenz ), south of Pogesanien, west of Galindow (border around the river Omulef ) and north of the Polish Mazovia. Sassen was the home of the eponymous Old Prussian tribe ( Sassen ).

"From the influence of Brannitza formed the Drewenz from the border to the Drwęckie, which still belonged to the Prussian landscape Sassen Sassen is the name of Prussian origin. SASINS = hare Add deeds you will also find Soysim, Sausin, Sassin The southern tip Sassen, the. . protrudes like a wedge by Mazovia, was already taken in the vorordenszeit of the Masowiern in possession since 1384 appeared to him the name on Zakre, the Polish name for Sassen the Old Prussian landscape called Polish " Ziema saska ."; ". saski " also means Saxon. the boundaries of the landscape have changed very early. "

"The country Sassen is approximately equal to the two circles Osterode and Neidenburg, but handed in the earliest religious time still fairly well over the subsequent border to the south addition. This part across the border is 1343 assigned by the Order of Masovia and led ( Urk since 1384 ) the name Zakrze (pronounced Saksche ), which thus corresponds to the central German pronunciation of the name Saxony, while Sassen is the Low German form This field is not old-Prussian landscape, .. , it is v. Dusburg not named to the Order chronicler Peter as such, the name is also not prußischer origin, since the attempted derivations of sause (dry) and SASINS (hare ) is not fit for a water and big game rich area thoroughly. the sass Pils on the western border is documented in a vallum, a border wall, probably only from the order time, and has only then get the name of the Prussian population. 's early popular translation Hasenbergstraße should be based on a misunderstanding. It is also in relation to the reproduction of pils as a mountain ( right: Castle ) wrong. Would she agree, also the Order would have called the country bunny and not Sassen. It is a name of hike, which is probably also due to scenic similarity. The area surrounding the old Guelph Castle Osterode am Harz shows much agreement with the same name to the Order Castle of 1302. Following the arrival of the Order of the contentious between the Order, Masovia and Kuyavia area of ​​Chelmno country and the Lobau Apparently east has been so designated, stimulated by the numerous Lower Saxony Crusaders who were reminded by the outward appearance of their home. It was made up of parts of three Prussian landscapes together: Pomesania, Pogesanien and Galindow and was, therefore circumscribe too cumbersome without new label. Sassen is therefore not a tribe, but a settlement landscape. "


As can be seen from the above text, the linguistic interpretation is controversial. However, so far no one has seen the analogy to schalauischen castle Sasavo at Ragnit, the last conquered by the Knights castle, called in Latin chronicles Sassowia, German Sassau. It was located approximately at the confluence of Šešuvis and Jura.

The Sass Pils is assumed above as boundary wall of the Order of time; it would, however, have been a possibly looped former Old Prussian fortification, as well as the schalauische Sasavopilis. A castle was built on dry high altitude area. In this respect, the situation of the castle should namesake was for the district.

  • Old Prussian " sausis " = dry

Can not be excluded at this Mazovia adjacent Gau a Slavic derivation, which would also point to the landscape conditions (cf. pl " sosna ". Pine, fir ).


In the legend as Widowuto the country was divided among his sons, this appeared not to tribal area.


"When the intensive Aufsiedlung of jungle territory began in 1320, in Lower Saxony nobles were again involved mainly because the particular Kulmerland Landkomtur Count Otto von Lauterberg Scharzfeld ( i Osterode H. ). Support of large-scale planning was the Commander of Christ castle, Luther Duke of Brunswick. In the north at Liebemühl then he put on three villages by Hagen Schaumburg- lippischem pattern: Gr. Old Hagen, Nikkelshagen and easy Hagen, later Bienau. 1325 reached the settlement peaked. The following year, in addition to the religious house the city Gilgenburg was created; 1327-1330 the town of Osterode was born. 1331 was when Luther Grand Master, the west of the country Sassen had been settled until after Soldau down to a width of 25-30 km. Among the knightly estate entrepreneurs to find the Lower Saxon name vd Wense ( Wonsin ), Uelzen ( Ülsen ) and axis. Even in 1589 knows the Hamelin Rectors Hannibal Nullejus a " Nova Saxonia ," where the Hämelschenburg children should be kidnapped by a letter received as a ratter in the legend for advertisers Ostsiedlung. Also builds a Pied Piper, the only one in East Prussia at the dilapidated Dziergunkenmühle at Kurken. In addition to this, in 1257 in a document called for the first time, there is no other new Saxons in the East, but rather to offer a parallel in the 1338 planned transfer of the name Bavaria on a greenfield archbishopric in Lithuania. - As a place name Sassen is also present, northwest of the above Gen. Hagen villages, next to a lake of the same name. Even with Tiefenau, north Marienwerderstraße where the Lower Saxon noble Lord moved v. Depenow from Heeßel east Hanover, there is a Sassensee, completely outside of this area. "

  • Chronology of Conquest (output of Thorn ): 1260 Lobau, 1268 Neidenburg, 1272 Gilgenburg, 13th century Osterode, 1306 Soldau