Sat Thai

Sat Thai (also: Sart Thai, Official Name: Thai วัน สาร ท ไทย - Wan Sat Thai ) is a traditional festival which is celebrated in Thailand on new moon day at the end of the 10th month in the Thai lunar calendar. However, it is not a public holiday.

Word origin

Sat ( also: Sart; Thai: ศารท, สาร ท or สา ท ) is derived from the Pali word from Sarada, which means season or autumn time. It refers to the time " in which the grain fills the ear ".


( Thai: พิธี ศารท ) Until the 1930s the Pithi Sart was a royal ceremony, which was celebrated solely within the royal palace.

It goes back to a brahma African Harvest Festival ( Thanksgiving ), which was allegedly introduced by Nang Noppamat, a playmate King Ramkhamhaeng. During the Ayutthaya and early Bangkok period, the ceremony was performed as follows:

Today we call this mixture, which was then made ​​so expensive Kraya - Thip ( Thai: กระยาทิพย์, also Kraya - Sart - กระยาสารท ). It is a sweet made of rice, sugar cane syrup, honey, peanuts and / or sesame seeds. It is made specifically for the Sart Thai festival.

Today's meaning

The original meaning of the celebrations as a Thanksgiving Feast was lost over the centuries. Today, the Sart Thai festival is almost appreciated only in rural Thailand. It is now a day to remember the dead relatives, and an opportunity to Tham Bun ( Thai: ทำบุญ ). Pictures of the deceased at home or the attached images to urn graves of the deceased are cleaned and decorated with fresh flower garlands. There are candles and smoke sticks lit before the images, then takes a prayer and a Wai adopted one from the dead. Also in the Wat is thought with common prayers of the dead.