Satellite town

A satellite city is a city that is located in the vicinity of a major city and is dependent to a higher central place functions of this. It is, however, in contrast to the satellite town, on its own, especially since it has its working residents proper number of jobs and has complete or substantial portions of the infrastructure of a city. These include shopping centers, government offices, schools, hospitals, public transport links and leisure facilities.

Satellite cities are usually not grown, but were planned. The key elements such as schools, shopping centers, doctors etc. are located in the core area and are therefore relatively easy to reach.

The definitions of satellite city and satellite city is disputed, in which case the more common classification is followed, who also follows Burkhard Hofmeister, author of the standard work " Urban Geography " and is internationally accepted. Rudolf Heinz Hille Brecht and Heineberg, the author of the work " plan General Geography: Urban Geography ", use the two terms in the exact opposite way.

Clearly seen is a satellite city a full-fledged own small town in a big city environment. Meanwhile, the satellite town is more of a bedroom community that morning leave in the direction of big city and is in the back again after work. Both are therefore being located in the vicinity of a major city, provide the basic idea here it may be considered different concepts

As a positive variation of the satellite city is the Garden City, it being assumed that nature in the human environment is positive.

Satellite cities are called " cité satellite", in Spanish as " barrio satélite " and in Russian as " gorod sputniki 2nd order " in English as "satellite city", in French. During the Soviet Union, many cities and settlements were in the form of satellite towns built. Some of these have a smooth transition to the core cities. too administratively the distinction between core and satellite city by the division into Mikrorajons is blurred. way are referred to as Mikrorajon not only functionally autonomous district with its own supply infrastructure, but in many cities of the Soviet Union also to replace old residential areas built situated in a direct position or center - near Mikrorajon residential area in large panel construction.