Satun ( Thai: สตูล, pronunciation: sā.tū ː n ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Satun.
- 3.1 Data
- 3.2 Land Use
- 3.3 airport
The name Satun is the Thai version of its Malay name Setul ( santol, or wild mangosteen tree).
Satun is located in the south of Thailand, about 970 kilometers from Bangkok on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula to the Straits of Malacca. The landscape is mountainous with lowlands towards the sea.
For the province are more than 60 large and small islands, most of them are protected in national parks. In the province are the following national parks: the Thale Ban National Park, the Tarutao National Park and the National Park Mu Ko Phetra.
The climate is tropical and monsunal. In 2000, the number of rainy days was 212 with a rainfall of 2,642 mm. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 34.7 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured with 21.9 ° C. At 176 days of rain fell in the same year 2584.2 mm of precipitation.
Economic importance and
Industry 2006 2007 2008 Agriculture 29.9 30.4 31.2 Industry 11.8 11.8 13.0 All figures in % Other 58.3 57.8 55.8 The minimum wage in the province is 173 baht per day ( about 4 € ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 601 558 rai ( 376.0 km ²), 38.8 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 470 691 rai ( 294.2 km ²), 30.4 % of the total
- Not classified area: 477 112 rai ( 298.2 km ²), 30.8 % of the total
Satun itself has no airport, but about Trang and Hat Yai to reach by plane.
- Trang ( IATA code TST), Hat Yai ( HDY )
Satun was until 1813 a district called Mukim Setul in the Malay State Saiburi (now Kedah ). Due to many problems associated King Phra Nang Klao (Rama III. ) 1833, the breakdown of Saiburi into four separate Mueang to: Kubang Pasu, Saiburi, Perlis and Satun. Mueang Satun was placed under the administration of the then Kingdom of Nakhon Si Thammarat.
In 1897 united King Chulalongkorn ( Rama V ), the four cities under the newly established Monthon Saiburi. At the signing of the Anglo - Siamese Treaty of 1909 (Bangkok Treaty of 1909) between Great Britain and Siam alone Satun was now Thailand slammed because a majority of the population was siamese here. From 1910, Satun was administered by the Monthon Phuket and since 1925 in the successor corporation Monthon Nakhon Si Thammarat. After the dissolution of Monthon management in 1933 Satun was awarded the status of an autonomous province ( Changwat ).
Originally the province of Satun consisted of two districts and a small district. Mambang ( มำ บัง ) was one of the districts, it was renamed Mueang Satun 1938.
See also: History of Thailand
Satun is one of the four provinces in Thailand that provide a Muslim majority. 67.8 % are Muslim, 31.9% are Buddhists. However, the Muslims in Satun are usually no ethnic Malays, as in the provinces of Pattani, Narathiwat and Yala, but belong to the majority Islamized thai -speaking ethnic group of the Sam - Sam.
( See also entry in Satun )
- National Parks: Thale Ban National Park - natural bog, surrounded by scenic mountains with numerous caves and waterfalls
- Tarutao National Park - the first Marine National Park of Thailand, about 30 km from the coast; National Park are about 50 islands, of which Ko Tarutao is the largest. Here 1939 and 1947 political prisoners were housed between.
- National Park Mu Ko Phetra - Marine National Park in the northern part of the province
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province of Satun shows Phra Samut Thewa on a stone in the sea in front of a sunset. Phra Samut Thewa is the God who rules the sea, the stone is his divine means of transportation. The sunset symbolizes the Andaman Sea to the west of the province.
The local tree is the Thai rosewood ( Dalbergia bariensis ) and the local flower, the mountain Bauhinie ( Bauhinia acuminata ).
The motto of the province of Satun is simply:
Satun is divided into seven administrative districts ( Amphoe ) divided in turn into 36 subdistricts (tambon ) and 277 villages ( Muban ) are divided.
In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Satun ( เทศบาล เมือง สตูล ). In addition, there are 6 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).