• Shahada ( Confession)
  • Salat (prayer )
  • Zakat ( alms tax )
  • Hem ( fasting)
  • Hajj ( Pilgrimage)

The Arabic word hem (Arabic صوم, DMG Sawm ) or Siyam ( صيام / Siyam ) (Eng. " fasting " in Persian روزه Rozah ) refers to the religious fasting in Islam, the Five Pillars (fundamental duties) Islam belongs. For all adult and healthy Muslims fasting during the entire month of Ramadan in the normal case is mandatory. They handle a fasting day between dawn and sunset no food or beverage to be and are also celibate.