Scarborough [ ˌ skɑɹ bəɹoʊ̯ ] is the easternmost district of Toronto. The area of Scarborough covers an area of 187.70 square kilometers. In the census in the year 2001 593.297 inhabitants were determined. According to one statistic, the population of Scarborough grew annually between 1996 and 2001 to 6%, which is the highest growth in Toronto. It was named in 1796 by Elizabeth Simcoe district by the Scarborough Bluffs, a rocky landscape on the shores of Lake Ontario, the Simcoe reminded them of their homeland Scarborough in England. The city was founded on 1 January 1850 and incorporated in June 1983 to Toronto.
Scarborough is bounded to the west by Victoria Park Avenue, east of the Rouge River, Little Rouge Creek east of Steeles Avenue East to the north and Lake Ontario to the south. In Scarborough, the Toronto Zoo.
In the 17th century the population of Seneca, one belonging to collar the Iroquois Indian tribe settled in the area. This was driven by the Mississaugas, who, settled from Europe, mainly from the United Kingdom there. 1793, the number had risen continuously settlers mainly from Europe. The first settlers were David and Andrew Thomson. They worked in the first parliaments of York in Canada. 1832 opened the first post office in Scarborough Village. During the first years in Canada, the first local governments began operation. The administrative and judicial authorities tandem of colonizing government.
The climate in Scarborough can be described as Mediterranean describe with warm to hot summers and cool to very cold winters. On average, January to April are temperatures between -6 and 6 degrees achieved in months. Between May and August, temperatures 13-20 degrees Celsius. However, this may increase for a few weeks over 26 degrees Celsius and higher. Between September and December, temperatures between 15 degrees C and -2 degrees Celsius.
In 2006 the population was 602 575. A study, which relies on the data from 1996 to 2001, showed that the population increased by as much as 6 %, which resulted in the strongest growth in the area of Toronto. A significant proportion of the city's population are immigrants who have settled new in Canada, but also immigrants who settled there four decades ago.
For public schools, the city school board of Toronto is responsible since 1998. The city has 10 elementary schools ( Elementary Schools ) and about 30 secondary schools and high schools from Grades 5-12.
The following colleges have a campus in the city:
- University of Toronto ( Scarborough ), ( Branch Campus of the University of Toronto with 10,270 students)
- Oxford College of Arts, Business and Technology
- Centennial College of Applied Arts and Technology
Scarborough is a suburb of Toronto, which has an effect on the economy of the city. The city benefits from the economic strength of Toronto. Scarborough's economy is more influenced by the production economy of the scientific economy. Among the more well-known companies that have their headquarters in the city include uA Toyota Canada Inc., Eli Lilly Canada Inc., Thomson Carswell, CTVglobemedia, Teva Canada, Cinram, Honda Canada, Royal Douton, SKF, Alfa Laval, President's Choice Financial, Aviva, Yellow Pages Group, and Telus.
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