Schleswig-Holstein state election, 2012
- SPD: 22
- SSW: 3
- Green: 10
- Pirates: 6
- FDP: 6
- CDU: 22
The election of the 18th Parliament of Schleswig -Holstein was held on 6 May 2012. She was an early election, which had become necessary due to a ruling by the state Constitutional Court of August 30, 2010 after demolition of the legislature. It was the second preferred state election in a row, after it had been dissolved for the state election in Schleswig -Holstein in 2009 due to a vote of confidence of the Prime Minister of the Parliament before the normal expiration of its term.
- 5.1 Constituency candidates
- 5.2 Prime Minister candidate
The end result of the state election 2012:
The FDP was exactly 51 votes ahead of the Pirate Party, which may affect the composition of parliamentary committees. The family party which stood at 0.96% very nearly skipping the applicable country-level one-percent hurdle for funds from the state party financing.
The 17th election to Schleswig- Holstein parliament took place on September 27, 2009 simultaneously with the general election. The election marked losses of the two partners in the grand coalition, the CDU and SPD, and corresponding profits of the smaller parties. CDU and FDP together reached 46.4 percent of the vote, the other parties in Parliament ( SPD, Greens, Left and SSW) 48.1 percent. Nevertheless, had the black-yellow coalition with 48 of 95 seats, the majority in parliament, mainly through 11 overhang seats of the CDU. The award of compensatory mandates for the other parties, however, was inaccurate regulated in the state election code. The National Election Committee decided on 16 October 2009 for the preferred interpretation of the provincial election supervisor with 14 compensatory mandates, the CDU and FDP secured the majority. Green and SSW complained before the country's Constitutional Court against the distribution of seats, the Left joined after the meeting of the new parliament of the action. The court stated the unconstitutionality of state election law to unequal weighting of votes and the possibility of significantly exceeded that provided for in the Constitution maximum number of MPs in its judgment of 30 August 2010. The electoral law should be changed to 31 May 2011 and a new election of the Parliament no later than 30 September 2012. The current distribution of seats in the parliament elected in 2009 remained.
Voters and decision-making
With approximately 2,240,000 registered voters, the number rose to 19,000 compared to 2009. This was the largest number since the first state election in 1947. Among the voters, there were 76,000 first-time voters.
The CDU and its youth organization Junge Union launched during the election campaign, a campaign against the so-called " Danes - light" The SPD distributed 32,000 posters, with the leading candidate Torsten Albig was mapped to about half. The Greens put on their election posters especially on the top candidate Robert Habeck and criticized at the same time, the election advertising of the FDP, as the FDP had sent mailings to Schleswig-Holstein households, which pointed to the successes of the FDP. It was, however, not indicated, that this acted to advertise the party itself. The Pirate Party hung all over the country to 18,000 election posters. CDU and family party presented themselves as bourgeois alternative to the CDU and FDP.
A special feature there was in Flensburg, where parties may advertise only on the few official partitions that are released from the city. Another peculiarity is in the North Frisian islands of Fohr, Amrum, Pellworm and the islets on which is about 40 years officially renounced on election posters. The Föhrer SPD refused for the first time in this boycott and put six on election posters.
Besides the choice of decision support choice -o-mat, which was just used 250,000 times, became the state election on the websites of PESM political stock market, election fever and suffrage switched prediction game Exchanges to predict the results of the parties that have experienced participating in a total of around 1,500 people.
In addition Abgeordnetenwatch again offered a direct candidate survey.
On May 2, 2012 took on NDR television a TV debate with the top candidates of the two major parties, Jost de Jager (CDU) and Torsten Albig (SPD ), instead, that alone in Schleswig- Holstein according to information from the NDR about 80,000 spectators were persecuted. Separately thereof held on the same day, a TV debate with the top candidates of the smaller parties represented in the parliament, Wolfgang Kubicki (FDP ), Robert Habeck (Greens), Anke Spoorendonk (SSW ) and Antje Jansen ( left ) instead.
Constituencies and procedures
To implement the constitutional court ordered requirements, the groups of the CDU, SPD and FDP agreed in early 2011 to amend the state constitution and the country's electoral law. The parliament passed the relevant law on March 29, 2011. The above standardized in Article 10 of the State Constitution nominal size of the state parliament with 69 MPs was transferred to the provincial election law. Instead of the current in 40 each have a direct candidate or nominee has been selected now in 35 constituencies. Overhang mandates resulting from a plurality of direct mandates by comparison with the calculated from the second votes profit share will be fully compensated. Constituencies can be held before 25 now comprise only 20% more voters than the average constituency. The Two Voices suffrage was retained. The seat allocation system was changed. Instead of the previous D' Hondt after the seats are now allocated according to the principle of distribution according to Sainte- Laguë. With an unchanged application of the method of D' Hondt, the CDU, the Greens would get one more seat, according to one seat less.
It is the five- percent threshold for participating in the election parties. Due to the Bonn- Copenhagen Declarations parties of the Danish minority, however, are excluded from this, which applies to the SSW.
Parties and Candidates
The following parties have been approved by the provincial election supervisor or the county election officials:
Not represented in the parliament parties had submitted 1000 signatures of support. The list of the Party of Labour, law, animal welfare, promotion of elite and grassroots initiative was not approved, but resigned in two constituencies with candidates.
CDU, SPD, Alliance 90/The Greens, FDP and the Left presented in all 35 constituencies candidates for the direct election. For the SSW occurred in 11 constituencies to direct candidates.
Among the non- represented in the Landtag parties represented only the pirates constituency candidates on a larger scale. They were represented in all constituencies except the constituency 18 ( East Holstein -Nord).
The NPD had direct candidates in five constituencies. The non-approved with their national list " Party of Labour, law, animal welfare, fostering an elite and grassroots initiative " presented in two constituencies direct candidates. The other parties made just for the country's list of candidates.
Furthermore, there was a total of five non-party candidates, including two in the constituency 3 ( Flensburg ) and one each in the constituencies 2 ( Husum ), 17 ( Plön-Süd/Eutin ) and 21 ( Steinburg -East).
Prime Minister candidate
The CDU nominated at the state party on 6 May 2011 in Norderstedt first faction leader Christian von Boetticher top candidate after incumbent Peter Harry Carstensen had already announced in the fall of 2010, not to stand again. From Boetticher occurred on August 14, 2011 Back from the top candidate after a former intimate relationship had become known to a then 16 -year-old student. As a new leader for the state election the CDU regional executive nominated on 16 August 2011 the current Minister of Economic Affairs Jost de Jager. On November 4, 2011, he was appointed by the CDU state party to the top candidates. De Jager was the first Prime Minister candidate in the history of Schleswig-Holstein, who received no mandate for the state legislature, as he ran only at number one on the country list and the CDU was able to send only their 22 direct candidates to the Diet.
The SPD was determined in a membership referendum Kiel Lord Mayor Torsten Albig to the challenger. He sat down with 57.2 percent of the vote against the state and group chairman of the SPD, Ralf Stegner ( 32.2 percent ), the Elmshorner Mayor Brigitte Fronzek ( 9.1 percent ) and Matthias Stein ( 1.3 percent ) by. The member survey was preceded by an application process, which provided 16 public meetings of the members in all districts and cities of the country. These guests also were able to participate who had no SPD book.
Already the code polls predicted a neck-and -neck race between the ruling CDU and the opposition SPD. Thus, slight losses for the SPD, however, were predicted significant gains for the CDU. The FDP, which feared for the re-entry into the state parliament long, put added during the election campaign sprint and jumped despite significant losses, the vocal five-percent hurdle clear. Green and SSW were in the forecasts close to their results from the previous election. Strong gains and a significant entry into the state legislature foresaw the opinion research for the Pirate Party.
For the Sunday question, which party would choose the Schleswig- Holstein if next Sunday would state election, the pollsters following shares stated in the individual surveys:
On the question of who would choose the Schleswig- Holstein directly to the Prime Minister, the pollsters following proportions indicated:
On the question of the coalition, the Schleswig- Holstein prefer that pollsters following proportions indicated:
The first prediction of ARD (infra dimap ) and ZDF ( Research Group elections) by 18 clock saw the CDU at 30.5 percent, the SPD 29.5 to 30.5 percent, the FDP at 8.5 percent, the Greens between 13 and 14 percent, which left at 2.5 percent, the SSW at 4.5 percent and the Pirates between 8 and 8.5 percent. From both stations for the CDU and SPD calculated each 22 seats in the Landtag for the Greens ten seats for the FDP and the Pirates six seats and the SSW three seats in parliament - a seat distribution should not change the entire evening in the extrapolations and was finally confirmed by the preliminary official results. Only Kiel TV meantime calculated on the basis of the figures published by the Statistical Office of a fourth seat in Parliament for the SSW at the expense of the countryside.
The self in relation to the latest polls, the FDP looked at six to seven percent, high percentage of votes for liberals, especially the " Kubicki effect" attributed (73 percent according with infrastructures dimap ): The Schleswig -Holstein very popular FDP leadership husband Wolfgang Kubicki reached after an award of 54 percent ( compared to 18 percent for Philipp Rösler ), also was predominantly the country - FDP felt by Schleswig- Holsteiners as a party other than the federal FDP ( 63 percent); nationwide was at the time of Schleswig -Holstein - election polls in the FDP only three to five percent; the party was previously behind the other resigned from six state legislatures.
Despite the Zugewinnes of five percentage points share of the vote, the top candidate of the SPD Torsten Albig on the result for the SPD was disappointed - he had sought a vote share of around 40 percent. Albigensian as well as the top candidate of the Greens and SSW Robert Habeck and Anke Spoorendonk stressed in the evening, on her plan to form a joint coalition - the so -called " Danes - light" (also called " Schleswig -Holstein - light" called ) - in spite of only hold tight one- seat majority and they continue to strive for. Gated Schmidt, the top candidate of the pirates announced on the evening of the NDR television that the Pirate Party of discussions with these parties could possibly tolerate the " Danes - light" dependent.
The leading candidate of the CDU Jost de Jager offered to form a viable, stable state government SPD, FDP and the Greens to talks - an offer that but still came neither SPD and the Greens in the former coalition partner, the FDP on reciprocal love. De Jager himself won in the election no seat in Parliament, as the CDU won all of their 22 parliamentary mandates directly and thereby the CDU state list on which he won the first place, did not come to fruition.
After successful exploratory talks led to coalition negotiations Danes - lights from the SPD, Greens and SSW. After successful completion of the coalition negotiations Torsten Albig (SPD ) with 37 of 69 votes was elected Prime Minister. He thus received at least two votes from the ranks of the opposition, as the government parties have a total of only 35 members.