Schloss Rheydt


The Reydt Castle is the best preserved Renaissance castle in the Lower Rhine and near the cathedral and the Neuwerker monastery church ( first mentioned in 1180 ), the most important building of Mönchengladbach in the same district.



Archaeological finds point to a wooden original building from the period before the first millennium, probably a moth. First mentioned is the castle in 1180, when the Archbishop of Cologne, Philipp von Heinberg the Lehnsrechte acquires from the non-descript men of Reydt.


The present appearance of the three -part system ( Torburg, bailey, main house) is mainly due to construction work from the years 1558 to 1570. The then lord of the manor of Otto Bylandt had Maximilian Pasqualini (1534-1572), son of the Italian architect Alessandro Pasqualini, entrusted with. Similarly, designed by his father Citadel Jülich he built a rampart with Torburg, bastions and casemates, which was surrounded by a fed by the Nier outer moat. Internally, followed by a second, inner moat, the outer ward and the main house surrounded. This mansion designed Pasqualini as a representative residential building in the Italian Renaissance style with Dutch influences, such as today shows the figure decoration of facade and interiors with fireplaces, tiles, wall and ceiling paintings. Demolitions and renovations since then held in check, so that the plant is well preserved.

1940 was carried out renovation work to a guest house by the plans of Emil Fahrenkamp on behalf of Joseph Goebbels.


After an extensive restoration made ​​possible by the Otto von Bylandt - Society of 1988-1993 is Reydt Castle today largely open to visitors, including the ramparts and parts of the casemates. After the city Reydt has acquired the castle in 1917, it houses the Municipal Museum since 1922 Reydt Castle and displays his extensive collection of art and cultural objects of the Renaissance and Baroque periods as well as for textile history Mönchengladbach. The painting by Johann Heinrich Fischer: Otto Friedrich von Quadt with his architect Matthieu Soiron and Wickrath Castle in the background from 1773 belongs since 2001 to the stock. On the barbican in several months alternating hosts exhibitions covering topics of local history instead of, for example, Hugo Junkers - Life and work in summer 2004.

In 1978 it received the European Museum Forum, the European Museum of the Year Award.

A stamp and a postcard with Reydt Castle as a motif appeared on November 14, 1979, on the German Federal Post Office and German Federal Post Office Berlin, from the definitive stamp series Castles with the value stage 60 Pfennig.

Reydt castle on a postage stamp of the vintage 1979