Schwandorf (district)

The district is located in the administrative region of Upper Palatinate Schwandorf in eastern Bavaria. Neighboring districts are in the north of the district of Neustadt an der Waldnaab, in the northeast, the Czech Plzeň Region, to the east of the district of Cham in the south of the district of Regensburg, in the southwestern district of Neumarkt in the Upper Palatinate and in the western district of Amberg -Sulzbach.

  • 4.1 traffic


The district area is divided into four natural areas. The north and east of the district is part of the Upper Palatinate Forest, Upper Palatinate to the south hills. In the southeast the foothills of the Bavarian Forest project into the district, in the southwest foothills of the central Frankish Alb and the Upper Palatinate Jura. From north to south the Naab, a left tributary Danube flows for a distance of about 40 km across the district area. Takes you east from black box to the current flowing from east to west Schwarzach. In the extreme south-east of the river rain touches on just a few kilometers, the county area.


1803, the District Courts Burglengenfeld, Nabburg and Nine castle were built in front of the forest in the district today. They belonged to the rain circle, the Upper Palatinate and Regensburg ( later only Oberpfalz) was renamed in 1838. 1840, another district court was formed in Oberviechtach. 1862 originated from the regional courts Burglengenfeld and Schwandorf the district office Burglengenfeld, where the district court Schwandorf was from 19 municipalities of the district court Burglengenfeld created. Furthermore, the district office Nabburg from the same district court and the district office Nine castle were formed in front of the forest of the district courts Nine vorm Wald and Oberviechtach. 1900 a separate district office was built for the area Oberviechtach. 1920 Schwandorf was a circular immediate city and retired from the district office Burglengenfeld from. In 1926 the county Nabburg was slightly changed by three municipalities were integrated from the district office Vohenstrauß, but the district office Nabburg gave also to the District office Amberg. The four district offices Burglengenfeld, Nabburg, Nine vorm Wald and Oberviechtach were from 1939 in District Offices, renamed the associated districts in counties. 1940 Schwandorf was incorporated into the county Burglengenfeld, but this was reversed in 1948.

As part of local government reform in Bavaria in 1972 vorm Wald and Oberviechtach a new county was formed from the previously independent city Schwandorf in Bavaria and the districts of Burglengenfeld, Nabburg, Nine castle, whose new county seat, the city Schwandorf in Bavaria was. This was given the status of a district town due to loss of freedom circle. Smaller parts of the counties Nine vorm Wald and Oberviechtach also came to the district of Cham. The former county Roding, a few Western communities also decided for the new district Schwandorf in Bavaria, including the city and the market Nittenau Bruck in der Oberpfalz. On May 1, 1973, the district received its name still used today district Schwandorf without the addition of Bavaria, as the county seat has now also stored in the addition.




The local elections of 2002, 2008 and 2014 led to the following seat distribution in the council:

Coat of arms

Split of black and silver, on a lowered, silver and blue split narrow wave beams, which a split of gold and black gear is highlighted, the front on the left inverted, red reinforced and red crowned golden lion, behind a red crenellated tower.

Economy and infrastructure


Through the district Schwandorf the Federal Highway 93 leads from the courtyard through pastures to Regensburg. The major trunk road 85 ( because of the good upgraded lines between Amberg and Cham in the Bavarian Forest region highway called ) runs through the county and connects Amberg with Cham. The federal highways 15, 16 and 22 also lead by the county. Also, the A 6, which connects Nuremberg with Prague passes through the North County.

Regensburg - - most important railway junction of the Upper Palatinate originated in the district town of Schwandorf is. Here the crossroads of two major railways which have been built by the AG Bayerische Ostbahnen in the last century.

In 1859 implemented a range of Regensburg to Amberg Schwandorf - Nuremberg. From it branch off:

Over thirty years later, the Bavarian State Railways began to supplement the rail network by four local railways:

On these branch lines passenger has been set in the years 1955-1976, the network has thus reduced from 157 km to 89 km. In particular:

The Schwandorf station is now the hub for regional trains, which are driven by the Regentalbahn - AG Group: in the yard over Naab Valley from pastures to Regensburg by the Vogtlandbahn and east to Furth and Lam as " Upper Palatinate line."


At the district level, the district Schwandorf in the Upper Palatinate is the undisputed number 1 of tax revenue. The revenues are even comparable with the counties around Munich. With 130 large industrial companies and 15,000 jobs, the district Schwandorf is the driving force in the region.

Schwandorfs largest employer is currently the meiller direct GmbH. Also Benteler is a major employer in the county. The Innovation Park Wacker village is situated approximately 50 km north of Regensburg Upper Palatinate lakes in the middle of the country. On the site, which was provided in the 80 years for a nuclear reprocessing plant, producing nine suppliers and three service businesses make today besides BMW AG, the circle of partners in the Innovation Park Wacker village with approximately 2,700 employees. In Teublitz to a branch of the Läpple AG with about 800 employees located.

Cities and Towns

(Area in km ² on 31 December 2001, population figures of 31 December 2012)




Free community areas ( 22.32 km ²)

Management Communities

Former unincorporated territories:


The district is 57 (as of August 2013) are from the Bavarian State Office for Environmental designated geological sites. See the list of geological sites in the district Schwandorf.