Seat of government

The seat of government is the site of a state, in which the government ( and usually also the Parliament) is established. This is usually the capital of the country ( which is called in monarchies and residence), which is why you only explicitly speaks of the " seat of government ", if this is not the case.

Current Situation

Currently, the government has in the following countries are not domiciled in the capital:



  • Malaysia - Putrajaya ( capital Kuala Lumpur )
  • Sri Lanka - Sri Jayawardenepura ( capital Colombo)


South America

  • Bolivia - La Paz ( capital of Sucre)

Special cases


A few days before and then after the end of World War II, from 2 to 23 May 1945, the seat of the executive imperial government was not in the occupied capital of Berlin under Karl Dönitz.

It followed the last Cabinet of Adolf Hitler and had its headquarters in Plön and Eutin, since 3 May in the so-called special area Mürwik until its members were eventually arrested on 23 May by British troops in Flensburg and there since May 12.

In Germany the capital and Bonn was before the reunification in 1990 until the move of the Bundestag and the Federal Government in 1999 Berlin, the seat of government.

Today Bonn is " federal city " and six federal government departments still have their headquarters in the city. The other departments in Berlin entertain a second service based in Bonn. Thus, the functions of government due to the Berlin / Bonn Act in Germany are divided between two cities. Although Germany de facto still has two seats of government, since the conclusion of the " Berlin- move " in 1999, only the federal capital Berlin de jure seat of the federal government constitutional body.

Separate parliamentary seat

In the Republic of South Africa sit the two Houses of Parliament in Cape Town and not like the government in Pretoria, Cape Town which acts in the first half year from January to June and Pretoria in the second from July to December as its capital.

In Chile the National Congress is also located not in the capital Santiago, but in Valparaíso. The government officials in both countries also fly between two cities back and forth.

Lack of capital

Some states do not have capital, but only a seat of government. In Switzerland, the federal capital of Bern and in the place Nauru Yaren (District) seat of government of the country.

  • Political Geography
  • Government
  • Capital