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Seia is a municipality and city in Portugal on the northwestern edge of the Serra da Estrela in the Centro region. Seia is known for its cheese Queijo Serra da Estrela, and his bread. Within the city live 5702 inhabitants, in the municipality area, there are 6,923 inhabitants.
The city was founded about 2400 years ago as oppidum Sena of Celtiberian Turdulen. After a long Moorish occupation in 1055 conquered the known here as Fernando Magno King Ferdinand I of León the place that made him secure. Owned by the newly formed Kingdom of Portugal, the city was under its former name Civitatem Senam 1136 city rights ( " Foral " ) by King Dom Afonso Henriques. 1510 renewed Manuel I. municipal rights and enlarged the circle ( concelho ) Seia to some villages. Beginning of the 19th century was expanded again in the course of administrative reform, and since the early 20th century, it includes today's 29 municipalities ( Freguesias ) with 115 places. The former small-town ( Vila ) Seia was raised in 1986 to the city ( Cidade ).
Culture and sights
Seia has several museums, including the Museu do Pão ( Bread Museum ) and the Museu do Brinquedo ( Toy Museum ). The youngest museum in the city is the Museu Natural da Electricidade since 2011 a museum of renewable energy, especially hydropower, with respect to the different hydropower plants in the area. The Cultural Complex of the Casa da Cultura Municipal (Municipal House of Culture ) includes a cinema hall for 395 spectators, galleries, and a modern convention center with various rooms (partly with translation booths ).
The CISE (Centro de Interpretação da Serra da Estrela ) is a research institution that is as busy Estrela and the Serra with their understanding, but also provides an interactive multimedia permanent exhibition to, among other cultural and educational offerings in their event center.
Since 1995 takes place in the CISE held the annual International Film Festival of Environmental Films, the CineEco.
In Seia options are offered mainly semi-natural sports such as rafting and canoeing, or hiking and mountaineering, eg on special mountain villages, hiking trails ( aldeias da Montanha ). Seasonal winter sport is of importance here.
Seia is the seat of the same circuit ( concelho ) in the District of Guarda. June 30, 2011 had the circle 24 641 inhabitants in an area of 435.7 km ².
The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Seia:
- Alvoco da Serra
- Lajes ( Seia )
- Lapa dos Dinheiros
- São Martinho
- São Romão
- Santa Comba
- Santa Eulalia
- Santa Marinha
- Sazes da Beira
- Várzea de Meruge
- Vila Cova à Coelheira
- France France: Contrexévillenear (since 1993)
- Germany Germany: Ochtrup (since 1993)
- Portugal: Peniche (since 1993)
- France France: Domfront (since 2000)
Seia is a stop on the railroad line of the Linha da Beira Alta.
About the N339 ( IC12 ) Seia is connected to the A23, 48 km away ( Autoestrada A23) and the Portuguese motorway network. Seia is integrated into the national intercity bus network of speech Expressos.
The circle has the aerodromo de Seia an airfield, which serves primarily as a base for aircraft fire department ( reconnaissance and fire fighting ) and for sport aircraft.
From Monday to Friday in the wrong place a Vaievem (German: hinundher ) called, urban bus in urban traffic in the round. Other regional bus services are provided by private operators.
In Seia circle are several industries located ( textile, food processing ), including the location of the Portuguese Ara shoes. In the circle are also several hydroelectric power plants and facilities of the national electricity company EDP.
Seia holds as a regional center, the main facilities of the retail trade, health care, education and management of the environment from which some important local employers.
Tourism is of particular importance, especially seasonal in winter sports.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Domingos Rodrigues (1637-1719), author of the first Portuguese royal chef and cookbook
- João António Garcia de Abranches (* 1769), journalist and entrepreneur in Maranhão, Brazil; after his escape politicians in the Azores
- Cândido Augusto de Albuquerque Calheiros (1840-1904), enterprising aristocrats and politicians
- Afonso Augusto da Costa (1871-1937, Paris ), lawyer, university professor and politician
- Avelino da Costa Cunhal (1887-1966), lawyer, author, artist and political activist, father of Álvaro Cunhal
- João António Saraiva da Silva (1923-1976), Bishop
- António de Almeida Santos ( born 1926 ), politician and lawyer
- Joaquim Pina Moura ( born 1952 ), economist and politician, former Minister of Finance
- Rui Miguel Melo Rodrigues ( b. 1983 ), football player
- Andreia Jesus ( born 1985 ), athlete
- Cícero Semedo ( born 1986 ), football player
Afonso Augusto da Costa
Andreia Jesus (2007)