Senegalia catechu

Gerber acacia ( Senegalia catechu )

The Gerber - acacia ( Senegalia catechu ( L. f ) PJHHurter & Mabb, Syn. Acacia catechu ( L. f ) Willd, Acacia wallichiana DC, Mimosa catechu L. f. . ), Sometimes called catechu - Acacia catechu or just referred to, is a US-based South Asian species of the genus acacia (Acacia ).

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Vegetative characteristics

The Gerber Acacia is a deciduous tree that reaches the plant height 6-10 meters. The bark is brittle and breaks into flat strips on. The branches have a fluffy hairy bark and often wear a pair of hook-shaped spines below the stipules.

For example, in northern India, the leaves fall around February and during the hot season without leaves; towards the end of April or in May new leaves are formed. The leaves are divided into petiole and leaf blade. The base of the petiole are glands. In the double- twisted feathery leaf blade sitting at the shaggy little leaf stem ( rachis ) 10 to 30 pairs of pinnae, each with first-order 20 to 50 leaflets. The ciliated leaflets are linear with a length of 2 to 6 mm and a width of 1 to 1.5 millimeters.

Generative features

In the axils of one to four 2.5 to 10 centimeters are long -eared inflorescences. The hermaphrodite flowers are yellow to white with a double perianth. The calyx is bell-shaped and 1.2 to 1.5 inches tall. The calyx teeth are deltoid and hairy. The sparsely hairy fluffy petals are lance-shaped or inverted - lanceolate, with a length of about 2.5 centimeters. The stamens are numerous. The ovary measures about 1 millimeter and is glandular.

The fruit stalks are 3-7 mm long. The shiny brown legumes are belt- shaped and relatively flat with a length of 12 to 15 centimeters and a width of 1 to 1.8 inches. The fruits tear on according to the fruit maturity and contain three to ten seeds. In China, the fruits ripen between September and the following January.

The chromosome number is 2n = 26


Natural reserves are found in Yunnan Province in the People's Republic of China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand. As the nature is in culture, however, also exist neophyte occurrence, for example, in Java.


The seeds contain a water-soluble mucus with high protein content that can be consumed by humans. The leaves are considered good fodder and are mainly fed to goats. The wood is a good firewood that will geköhlert. Also known as timber the wood is well suited.

A signal obtained from the hardwood tannic resin Cutch is called takes place in the tannery and in the dyeing use. From the bark of acacia can be obtained.

Crystalline Cutch that Khersal then called, is used for the medical treatment of sore throat.


The information in this article come from, if not otherwise indicated, the sources referred to under literature or websites: