The sentence (from the Latin sententia " opinion, sense decision ") is a concise, aptly formulated, autoritätshaltiger and applicable to many specific cases aphorism that summarizes a previously described situation or knowledge in one set and rises to general importance. Sentences are mostly extracted from an original literary context of prose, poetry or thoughts of the drama.
Sentences are often very memorable. This is partly due to their syntactic coherence and short precision. Many winged words are called sentences.
In contrast to the aphorism aphorism is generally understood.
In ancient rhetoric, the first sentences were used, such as Tacitus, Seneca, and Juvenal.
The sentences work of Peter Lombard - a comprehensive, more than a thousand chapters comprehensive collection of texts and opinions of the Christian church fathers - was an influential textbook of medieval theology ( scholasticism ) and was so at Bonaventure and Thomas Aquinas, commented by many theologians of the Middle Ages.
Mostly Friedrich Schiller the stylistic device of sentence has been used ( in the ancient sense ) in the Weimar Classicism.
A high role of the sentence in addition to the idiom in Chinese language culture, where knowledge and use often thousands of years old maxims belongs to the high level of education, such as those from the five classics.
The sentence is a so-called apophthegm.
- " Axe the save the carpenter. " ( Schiller, Wilhelm Tell)
- " Life is serious, cheerful art." ( Schiller, Wallenstein )
- " No pain, no gain. "