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Serpa is a city in southern Alentejo in Portugal with almost 7,000 inhabitants.
The area of Serpa has been inhabited since the Bronze Age.
Already in Roman times there was a place called Serpa.
With the conquest of the Iberian Peninsula by the Moors, who started 711, also Serpa was taken. In the power struggles between regional lords the hard ingestible castle always played a role again, as for Abd ar- Rahman, his power rested from 868 until his death in the year 889 of the castles of Badajoz and Serpa. In the 11th century the region was ruled by the Galicians Ibn Marwan in sharp rivalry with Mérida. From this, the emirate of Aftasiden arose. However, they lost in 1033 and 1040 Mértola Silves and probably also to the Serpa Abbadids of Seville. In the 80 years Serpa is likely to have fallen to the Almoravids.
1166 Serpa was in addition to a number of other cities by Geraldo Sem- Pavor, a legendary figure, captured and handed over to the Portuguese King Afonso Henriques. But he could not last long against the Almohads themselves. The Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa of 1212 strengthened the Christian kingdoms against the Muslim dominions.
Well 1232-1234 Serpa was finally Christian. On November 25, 1239 presented Pope Gregory IX. the crusade of the Infante Fernando, Lord of Serpa was under his protection. The Crusaders were to meet in Serpa. Co-leader of this Crusade was Alfonso de Molina, son of King Alfonso IX. of León. Whether it came to the crusade is unclear, but it is the Infante have used the funds from the crusade to conquer some castles. In any case, the Muslim areas in Portugal have been cut off from those in Spain.
1267 Serpa came to Portugal, since the border between Spain and Portugal has not changed. As the district he was proclaimed by King Dinis, who built a solid city walls and the castle of Serpa and in 1295.
1512 Serpa received its town charter by King Manuel I. The location of the city close to the border with Spain led to repeated war-related destruction. Several times Serpa was the castle badly damaged during fighting. So in 1707, Spanish troops conquered the city, as well as Moura.
Serpa is the seat of an eponymous district, which borders to the east with Spain. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Vidigueira, Moura, Mértola and Beja.
The following parishes ( freguesias ) lying in circle Serpa:
- Santa Maria
- Vale de Vargo
- Vila Nova de São Bento
- Vila Verde de Ficalho
In the vicinity of Serpa lately, is the world's largest solar power plant.
View of the castle of Serpa and the remains of the city wall
The dragon is Serpas emblem
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