Shas ( ש"ס, short for שומרי - תורה ספרדים, Shomrei Sfarad - Hebrew for " Sephardic Torah Guardians ") is an ultra-orthodox Israeli party. It represents primarily the interests of the religious Sephardic Jews. She was represented in several coalition governments with both the Labor Party as the Likud. Since March 2013, it is in the opposition.
Shas has 1984 split from Agudat Jisra'el, a world dominated by Ashkenazi ultra-Orthodox party. Spiritual head was a rabbi Ovadja Josef, a former Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel. In the peace process with the Palestinians, the Shas party, a moderate position adopted an initially and was willing to make concessions, usually subject to financial concessions. Meanwhile, it represents an intransigent attitude towards the Palestinians and rejects, for example, a negotiation over the status of Jerusalem Strongly object.
Participation in government
Shas was involved from 1992 to September 1993, the government led by the Labour Party, but the coalition left after disputes with Meretz about education policy. As of 1996, Shas was represented in the Likud -led government with two ministers. The party left the alliance to support Ehud Barak of the Labor Party. As of 2001, Shas supported Ariel Sharon's Likud government.
Also, the 2006 Israeli newly formed government under Prime Minister Ehud Olmert of the Kadima party belongs to Shas. It is there with Eli Yishai (Industry, Trade and Labor ), Ariel Atias (communication ), Meshulam Nahari and Yitzhak Cohen (both without portfolio) four ministers. In the Knesset elections of 2009 Shas won eleven seats and was represented until March 2013, the government of Benjamin Netanyahu with four ministers.
The Shas party was shaken by several offenses of its members:
- Yair Levy -. A member of the Knesset between 1988 and 1992 In 1993, he was sentenced to five years' imprisonment for embezzlement of 500,000 shekels of parteiiniternen organization El HaMa'ayan.
- Yair Peretz - Member of the Knesset came in March 2006 in the headlines because he had fraudulently obtained a PhD.
- Ofer Hugi - Knesset member was sentenced in December 2006 for fraud and corruption to a prison term of two years and a fine of 12,000 shekels.
- Shlomo Dayan - Member of the Knesset, was sentenced in 2008 for fraud and corruption to four months' community service.