Shelby County (Iowa)

The Shelby County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. The administrative headquarters ( County Seat) is Harlan, named after John Marshall Harlan, a judge of the Supreme Court ( U.S. Supreme Court ).


The County is located in Eastern Iowa, is in the east approximately 45 km from the Missouri River, which forms the border with Nebraska. It has an area of ​​1,532 square kilometers, of which one square kilometers of water surface. At the Shelby County borders the following counties:


The Shelby County was formed on 15 January 1851 Originalcounty. It was named (1750-1826), a hero in the American Revolutionary War and the first Governor of Kentucky (1792-1796, 1812-1816) to General Isaac Shelby.

On February 4, 1855 Shelbyville was established as the county seat. In April 1859 it was Harlan. A year later, the first courthouse was built. 1898 saw the construction of the second courthouse, given this time of stone and three floors and completed in 1892. In 1978 the building was completely renovated and still serves as a courthouse.

Demographic data

According to the census in 2010 lived in Shelby County 12,167 people in 5,070 households. The population density was 7.9 people per square kilometer.

The racial the population was composed of 97.9 percent white, 0.3 percent African American, 0.2 percent Native American, 0.4 percent Asian and other ethnic groups; 0.7 percent were descended from two or more races. Regardless of ethnicity were 1.8 percent of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In the 5,070 households lived statistically 2.37 per person.

23.6 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 55.5 percent were between 18 and 64 and 20.9 percent were 65 years or older. 51.2 percent of the population was female.

The median income for a household was $ 44,085. The per capita income was $ 22,389. 10.0 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.

Places in Shelby County


  • Defiance
  • Earling
  • Elk Horn
  • Harlan
  • Irwin
  • Kirkman
  • Panama
  • Portsmouth
  • Shelby1
  • Tennant
  • Westphalia

Unincorporated Community

  • Red Line

1 - partially in Pottawattamie County


The Shelby County is divided into 16 townships:

  • Cass Township
  • Center Township
  • Clay Township
  • Douglas Township
  • Fairview Township
  • Greeley Township
  • Grove Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Jefferson Township
  • Lincoln Township
  • Monroe Township
  • Polk Township
  • Shelby Township
  • Union Township
  • Washington Township
  • Westphalia Township

The city of Harlan belongs to no Township.