Sem ( Heb. שֵׁם, Greek Σημ ) is the oldest of the three sons of Noah, according to biblical tradition ( Genesis 5.32 EU), from which, after the table of nations in Genesis all of today's nations of mankind are to be emerged. After 1 Moses 9, 20-26, he and his brother Japheth honored by a special blessing of his father, while the youngest brother Ham was cursed by Noah. The background is unclear. Most Bible translations suggest that Ham saw his drunken father Noah naked; However, many researchers translate the passage differently and assume that Ham had raped his unconscious father.

Shem's brothers were named Ham (or Cham) and Japheth (or Japheth ).

Biblical and ajar in the Bible Say descent

According to the biblical sources all post-Flood people and therefore people are descended from these three brothers and their wives. Therefore there are numerous origins charge here. SEM are the following:

Shem had five sons (Gen 10:21 ff EU):

  • Elam was originally adjacent to the estuary of the Tigris and Euphrates kingdom in the highlands with its capital at Susa.
  • Assyria was generally associated with the Mesopotamian Assyria, and the peoples of Mesopotamia.
  • Arphaxad was attributed by Josephus and other stem paternity of the Chaldeans. The name should be preserved in the province Arrapachitis in northern Assyria.
  • Lud was loud Josephus the progenitor of the Lydians in Asia Minor, which differ from the Luditern in Africa.
  • Aram is the name of Syria, but particularly relates to the highlands of Lebanon.

Arameans, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Elamites and Lydians were therefore attributed to Shem. In line with this, one called all the nations of the Middle East (more precisely, Hebrews, Assyrians, Syrians, Arabs, and Ethiopians Erythräer ) as Semitic peoples. The Indo-Europeans and (central and eastern ) Asians were based on the Tanakh as the descendants of Japheth and the black Africans than those of Ham.

The shape of the Shem was an indication of the development pseudepigraphischer literature in the period of the Second Jewish Temple. The writing of Shem is contained only in a Syriac manuscript calendar, probably from Egypt in the last years of the first century BC.

Ideologization of descent Share

Hams descendants write-up has been used mainly for Christian justifications for the blessing for Shem was also a curse on Ham have been, so you therefore justified slavery as in the Bible Belt of the USA.

The term Semite was colloquially and derogatory in Germany from the 19th century used only for Jews (hence " anti-Semitism "; " philo-Semitism ").