- Group 5: Spitz and primitive types
- Section 5: Asian Spitz and related breeds
- Without working trial
Females: 37 cm ± 1.5 cm Males: 40 cm ± 1.5 cm
AKC, KC ( UK), NZKC
The Shiba (also: Shiba Inu, Shiba Ken, Japanese柴shiba, undergrowth ) is recognized by the FCI Japanese dog breed (FCI Group 5, Section 5, Standard No. 257).
Origin and History
The meaning of the name, there are three different theories: The first is that the name has to do with the coat color, derived from shiba -aka (柴 赤), a brownish red tone. Another possible origin is an old meaning of the character shiba (柴) for something small. Another possibility is the derivation of place names Shiba - Mura (柴 村) in Nagano Prefecture.
The character inu and ken (犬), which previously added to today's breed name means dog. The Shiba is one of the typical Japanese breeds, as well as Hokkaido, Kishu, Shikoku, Kai and Akita. The Shiba is the smallest physically of these breeds.
The Shiba is descended from hunting dogs from the mountainous regions of the Sea of Japan, which were used for hunting small game and birds. 1928 began the systematic breeding after this type of dog was with English hunting dogs become rare due to intersections. In 1934, then the standard of the Shiba was created. The Shiba has received in 1937 in Japan the status of "National Natural Monument ".
The Shiba is next to the Akita one of the most popular dog in Japan, and European races of small size are gaining in popularity. The modern Shiba Shiba very different from that in Japan was typically 100 years ago. Previously, the Shiba were somewhat stocky and short-legged in her appearance. Two strokes have evolved from it: On the one described and to a long-legged, strong, elegant acting representative of the breed. In the U.S. bred Shiba Inu are often more muscular and larger than the specimens, which are mainly used in Japan and Europe in the breed.
The Shiba is up to 40 cm tall. The head is broad with a distinct stop. Small, widely spaced, triangular pricked ears complete the picture, as well as the straight, moderately thick -catcher. The whole dog appear well proportioned. The outer coat in the colors red, black and tan, sesame, black sesame, red sesame is rather harsh and straight with plenty of dense and soft undercoat. The tail is thick and rolled on his back.
The color " sesame " is defined as follows:
- Sesame: Equal mixture of red and black hair
- Black sesame: More black than red hair
- Red sesame: Ground color of hair red, mixture with black hair
All the above mentioned colors must have Urajiro. Urajiro is the whitish coat on the sides of the muzzle, on the cheeks, under the muzzle, throat, chest and belly, the underside of the tail and on the inside of the limbs.
When Shiba reduced red blood cells ( microcytosis ) are physiological.