The Shortland Islands are an archipelago in the Pacific Northwest Pacific Solomon Islands.
The Shortland Islands form the "natural boundary " between the northern Solomon Islands (including the islands of Bougainville and Buka ), which belong to Papua New Guinea and the southern Solomon Islands, which belong to the independent since 1978 island state of Solomon Islands.
The Shortland Islands consist of more than 100 small volcanic islands, forming a chain of nearly 65 km in length. The predominantly flat, partly planted with coconut palms islands have a total land area of 414 km ².
Not all islands of the group are inhabited. The two largest inhabited islands are aluminum in the southwest and Fauro in the Northeast.
Among the Shortland Islands include the following islands ( from southwest to northeast ):
- Alu ( Shortland Iceland )
In 1986, the islands of about 3,100 people, mostly Melanesians, inhabited.
The Shortland Islands were in 1788 for Europe discovered and named by the captain of the Royal Navy John Shortland ( the younger). Until Berlin Samoa Treaty of 14 November 1899, the German Empire laid claim to the islands.
The Shortland Islands were occupied in early 1942 by Japanese troops and liberated by Allied units until the end of 1943.
The islands are run from time to time by cruise ships. One of its objectives is the island Pirumeri.