Schostka (Ukrainian and Russian Шостка ) is a city in Sumy Oblast in north- eastern Ukraine. Schostka is the center of Rajons same and has about 80,000 inhabitants ( 2013). The city is situated on the banks of the river Schostka, a tributary of the Desna. Schostka is a major center of the chemical industry.
A village was founded in the early 17th century by the Ukrainian Cossacks. According to one version, the name of the city from the name of the river Schostka, which is the sixth (Ukrainian Shostakovich ) tributary of the Desna comes. According to another version, the name comes of the city and the river from the word schost = Stilt since the original settlement was located on marshy ground and had to be built on stilts houses.
1739 here was built a gunpowder factory, so the place has since been a major supplier of gunpowder in the Russian Empire. 1893 a branch of the railroad was moved to the village, and since 1920 Schostka is a city. The factory was built in 1931 film the main supplier of film and photographic films in the Soviet Union. After 1945, dismantled production facilities were built for color films from the film Wolfen factory and put into operation.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Olena Subrylowa (* 1973), biathlete
- Dmitri Chechulin (1901-1981), architect