The Sierra Club is the oldest and largest conservation organization in the United States. It was founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California, by the conservationist John Muir and a number of professors from the University of California, Berkeley and Stanford University. John Muir was also its first president until 1914. Headquartered in San Francisco. The Sierra Club has indicated that approximately 1.4 million members in the United States. The Sierra Club of Canada, with 10,000 members, is connected to him. The motto of the organization is Explore, enjoy and protect the planet. From 1934 to 1971, the photographer Ansel Adams was a member of the Board. After him a prize for photography is named, which is awarded annually since 1971 by the Sierra Club.
In the first decades of its existence, the club dedicated primarily for the creation of national parks in the U.S., such as for the Glacier National Park and Mount Rainier National Park. Another important issue that time was (and is ) the protection of the Redwoods. Among the successes include in the fifties, the prevention of the construction of the Echo Park Dam in Dinosaur National Monument in Utah. This happened at a time when the environmental issues in the media as good as played no role and major projects, such as dams, have been widely welcomed uncritically. In addition to promoting national parks and nature reserves of the Club works since the sixties, also for the introduction of environmental standards in the legislation of one, so the United States Clean Air Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act and the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977.
The magazine of the Sierra Club is simply called Sierra. It appears in every two months and reports on club activities and environmental issues. In addition there is a weekly radio show, the Sierra Club Radio. Since March 2010, Michael Brune, executive director of the Sierra Club.
The Sierra Club defines its mission as follows:
"The purposes of the Sierra Club are to explore, enjoy, and protect the wild places of the earth; to practice and promote the responsible use of the earth 's ecosystems and resources; to educate and enlist humanity to protect and restore the quality of the natural and human environment; and to use all lawful Means to carry out these objectives. "
" The purposes of the Sierra Club are to explore the wild places of the earth, enjoy and protect; practice the responsible use of the Earth's ecosystem and resources and to promote; educate humanity to and win, to protect and restore the quality of the natural and human environment; and to use all lawful means of achieving these goals. intended to emphasize "