Sigismund von Schrattenbach

Sigismund Graf von Schrattenbach ( born February 28, 1698 Graz, † December 16, 1771 in Salzburg ) was a Roman Catholic priest and Archbishop of Salzburg.


Sigismund came from a noble family Schrattenbach that had migrated to the middle of the 15th century from Franconia in Styria; He was the son of Otto Heinrich, Count of Schrattenbach, and of Maria Theresa, Countess of Wildenstein, widowed Baroness Gall of gallstone.


After studying in Salzburg Schrattenbach went to Rome to study theology. The priest He was ordained at the age of 25 years on 10 January 1723. 1733 he received a seat and vote in the Salzburg cathedral chapter. After the death of Archbishop Jakob Ernst von Liechtenstein - Kastelkorn Schrattenbach 1747 was appointed by the chapter to Gubernator the Fortress throwing and the administrator of the cathedral chapter foundations. Soon he was appointed dean and privy councilor.

He was regarded as puritanical and romtreu, but also his diligence, organizational skills, his business acumen and diplomatic skill were recognized.

After the death of Andreas Jakob von Dietrich Stein in 1753 the cathedral chapter elected the new archbishop in the most difficult choice of the Archbishopric. Not until the 13th election day and in the 50th vote, the decision was. With eleven of twenty votes against Josef Maria Graf Thun, Bishop of Gurk, was ultimately the majority on Schrattenbach. Schrattenbach should thereby have more resembled the desire of the people of Salzburg as Count Thun, who was very hateful, but also Schrattenbach was not popular among the people. Schrattenbach himself regarded his election as the Holy Spirit coming, he felt the canon against therefore not required. On May 7, In 1753 he made ​​his solemn entry into the city. On 16 December the same year he donated Count Thun episcopal ordination.

He was from 1764 to 1767 built the Sigmunds, which has a length of 131 meters. It was a great achievement for Salzburg because it opened the city to the west. During his tenure, both Leopold Mozart and his son Wolfgang Amadeus were employed as musicians in the archbishop's court orchestra. The conductor of the court music was Johann Michael Haydn, who also composed the Requiem, which was performed on the occasion of the funeral of the bishop in December 1771.

Archbishop Schrattenbach was buried in the crypt of Salzburg Cathedral.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms, divided in the main plate twice, once divided, six fields: The inescutcheon shows in the black field a white oblique right river, in the left upper canton a gold star, gestümmelten an upright in the right Untereck, right with three golden leaves occupied golden branch ( trunk emblem ). Above the coat of arms of the Archbishopric of Salzburg, in front of an upright gold black, red tongue facing right in red lion and a white rear center rail. In the middle one split, the front in gold, a half red eagle on the column, back in silver four oblique red bar right; 2 two silver hands, the thumb turned in red inside; 3 in the gold and black box ten times shared a white oblique right bar; 4 in silver, a green laurel wreath; 5 in silver a black floating Tatzenkreuz; 6 in red, a white lion.

The original Schrattenbach coat of arms was augmented by that of the extinct family of the lords of the Dürr, the coat of arms was repeatedly varied.