Silenes is a municipality in the canton of Uri in Switzerland.
- 3.1 legislative
- 3.2 executive
- 6.1 silenes
Capital of the political community silenes is the same village on the right bank of the Reuss. It consists of the parts Dorfli Russ and Rusli. To silenes also include numerous hamlets scattered settlements, groups of houses and farmsteads. The northernmost settlement is protecting ( 484 m above sea level. M. ). It is more than three kilometers north of the town silenes. To the south is Buechholz ( 525-580 m asl; . 2.7 km north of silenes ). Further up the valley follow the same Öfibach Bach ( 510-560 m above sea level. M. ) and Dägerlohn south of Selderbachs (510 m above sea level. M. ). All are located on the right bank of the Reuss. One kilometer southeast of silenes located above the Bristentobels on the southwestern slope of the Little Windgällen the hamlet Frentschenberg ( 817 m above sea level. M. ). In contrast, the Reuss valley village Amsteg lies ( 1 km south of silenes; 524 m asl. ). The southernmost district Silenens in the Reuss valley is the scattered settlement Ried ( front and rear Ried, 2.5 km south-west of the village ). But also includes the Maderanertal to the municipality. There are numerous hamlets and scattered settlements, not all of which are inhabited year-round. Foremost group of houses is St. Anton (or Vorderbristen; 716 m asl. ). Further east is the village of Bristen (or Hinterbristen; 770 m asl. ). Further up the valley we find Cholplatz ( 784 m above sea level. M. ) and even several hamlets contiguous ( Hälteli, stone mat, Shade Matt, etc.) From the Reuss reason it goes up to the high plateau of Golzeren. Between Maderanertal and Golzern the settlements Hofstetten and Silblen are ( 1'236 m above sea level. M. ). On Golzeren there are several hamlets, of which Egg, Hüseren ( per 1,395 m above sea level. M. ) and Seewen ( 1'423 m above sea level. M. ) which are important of. The plateau is also the picturesque Golzerensee ( 1,409 m above sea level. M. ).
Silenes is the area the largest municipality in the canton of Uri. But among them are merely 104 ha or 0.7 % of the community settlement area. Of this, 48 ha building and two hectares of industrial area and 42 hectares traffic area. More extensive is the agricultural area 1860 ha, or a share of 12.8 %. Among them are large Alpine regions in the Maderanertal. These cover an area of 1444 ha given 407 ha are meadows and farmland. In addition, 2647 ha or 18.3% of woods and forests are covered. Unproductive area includes the majority of the municipal territory, more precisely 9685 ha or 68.1 %. It is almost exclusively to areas without vegetation ( high mountains and glaciers ) or areas with unproductive vegetation ( high alpine vegetation).
Neighboring communities of silenes are Erstfeld and Gurtnellen in the West, Schattdorf, UnterschÃ and Spiringer exclave Urner Boden in the north, the municipality of Glarus Glarus Süd and the Grisons community Disentis Sedrun Graubünden in the east and the south.
In 1850 was silenes after the cantonal capital of Altdorf terms of population in second place. The congregation at that time numbered about 1500 inhabitants. This number grew to 1870 even further. An even higher population was reached in 1880, but were then numerous workers of the Gotthard railway construction site below. The population grew steadily continued for a long period. This lasted until 1970 (1850-1970: 51.6 %). Only exception was the 1940s. At that time, there was a slight fall (1941-1950: -9 persons; -0.4 %). The highest ever determined population of silenes were the 1920 counted 2493 inhabitants. From 1970 to 1990, there was a mass exodus ( 1970-1990: -12.1 %). Especially towards lower Reuss Valley. In the 1990s, the population stagnated. But has been used in recent years because of the construction of the Gotthard Base Tunnel strong growth (2000-2005: 214 persons or 10.3%).
The population speaks a high- Alemannic dialect. Almost the entire population speaks German as a daily vernacular. At the last census in 2000 gave 98.07 % German, Serbo-Croatian at 0.24%, and 0.19 % Italian as the main language.
Religions - faiths
The population was formerly full member of the Roman Catholic Church. The confessional relations in 2000 can still recognize the original structure. 1897 people were Catholic ( 91.73 %). There were 2.80% Evangelical Protestant Christians and 1.60 % non-religious. 61 people (2.95 %) did not respond to their creed.
Origin - Nationality
From the end of 2005 2282 residents were 2001 ( 87.69 %), Swiss nationals. The immigrants originate mainly from Central Europe ( Austria ), Southern Europe (Italy and Portugal ), Croatia and Sri Lanka. At the 2000 census, 1989 people ( 96.18 %) were Swiss citizens; it possessed thirteen dual citizenship.
The municipality has a high proportion of younger residents. The proportion of people under twenty years of 25.48 % of the local population is significantly higher than the proportion of people in old age (60 years and older; 21.62 %). Nevertheless, it is striking that the age group of adults 20-44 years is well below average. This is due to the migration of young people between 1970 and 1990.
At the last census in 2000 showed the following age structure:
The local council is the legislative body. It occurs usually meets twice a year.
The seven-member council is the executive. He is a part-time working. Current mayor is Wendelin Loretz.
In 2005 there were 60 farms that offered 141 jobs. Industrial employees working in 16 workplaces 117, the service sector in 50 farms 241 persons ( employment on a full- time equivalent ). The 2000 census revealed 66 agricultural and forestry enterprises with 173 employees. The census in 2001 came on 12 industrial and commercial enterprises with 86 and 57 service companies with 217 employees. Of the economically active in 2000 962 people were working Silenens 324 ( 33.68 %) in their own community. Overall, the place offered 496 people at work, of which 324 ( 65.32 %) were locals.
In the village Amsteg is the SBB power plant Amsteg, which was opened in 1922 and replaced in 1998 by a new underground power station in the mountain.
The 638 commuters do their work mostly in other municipalities of the canton of Uri. Among 214 persons in Altdorf, 122 in Erstfeld, 81 in Shatt village, 28 in Gurtnellen, 24 in Bourguillon, 22 in Andermatt and 20 each in Flüelen and Göschenen. The only significant work outside the canton was the city of Lucerne with 15 people. In addition, there were 172 cross-border commuters. These came mainly from Erstfeld (41 persons), Schattdorf (33) Altdorf ( 21) Bourguillon (14) Gurtnellen (12) and Seedorf ( 9).
In the district of Amsteg stood until 1762 a smelter operated for the Bristenstock and the Windgällen copper, lead and iron mining.
In Amsteg is the Hotel Star and Post, one of the oldest hotels in Switzerland.
Stone House ( Cultural Property )
Susthaus ( Cultural Property )
Village with a tower of the Noble
- Jost of silenes (1435-1497) was a statesman in the service of Louis XI. , Bishop of Grenoble from 1475 and bishop of Sion from 1482nd
- Kaspar of silenes led as captain, the first Swiss mercenaries to Rome, began their task as Vatican Swiss Guard on January 22, 1506.