36.992530.989722222222Koordinaten: 36 ° 59 ' 33 "N, 30 ° 59' 23" E

Sillyon (Greek Σίλλυον ) or Syllaion ( Συλλαῖον ), also Sylleion ( Σύλλειον ), was an ancient city in the fertile Pamphylian level. The remains enthroned widely visible on a table mountain in 213.4 meters above sea level ( asl) at the village of Asar in the district of Serik Turkey's Antalya Province. Sillyon lies within sight of the Mediterranean is 15 km away and 12 km away Perge, 27 kilometers east of the city of Antalya and was with Attaleia, Perge, Side and Aspendos one of the five most important cities of Pamphylia.


The city was founded in BC, according to legend, about 1000 of the Greek seers Mopsos and Calchas on the way back from the Trojan war simultaneously with Attaleia (Antalya ) Perge, Aspendos and Side, like a statue base, which bears the name of Mopsos and which was found in the ruins, it suggests. It was first mentioned in the 4th century BC by the geographer Pseudo- Skylax. From 469 BC the city was a member of the Delian Confederacy Attic and immersed in the Athenian tribute lists in the 5th century BC on. Later, the historian Flavius ​​Arrian reports in his Anabasis of a siege by Alexander in 333 BC, which was canceled for lack of time and because of the strong garrison of the city. In the Seleucid period, the city was expanded. Under Byzantine rule Sillyon was a bishopric. Until the 20th century parts of the city by landslides repeatedly crashed on the steep mesa, most recently in 1969, the Odeon and the stage area of the theater.


From a door system with two towers, a ramp leads to another gate on the plateau. It is supported by a Hellenistic wall. On the south-western part of the plateau is the heart of the city. Get a Byzantine large buildings are in full and a Hellenistic building, probably a gymnasium from 6 meters height, with ten windows of varying size, where the jamb and folds are still in good condition for the shutters. Another, smaller Hellenistic building has on a doorpost on an inscription in pamphylischer language. Further east, the remains of houses and foundations of undetermined temples are on terraces to see. From Seljuk era comes a small mosque. In the hamlet Asar at the foot of the mountain remains of a stadium are visible.


As part of a project research on urban and regional history in Pamphylia and Pisidia a Münzcorpus and by Helga Schwarz inscription corpus of the city Sillyon be worked on behalf of the German Archaeological Institute of Carola Gmyrek and Sabine Walentowski.

Places of interest