Sir Archibald Campbell, 1st Baronet

Sir Archibald Campbell ( born March 12, 1769 in Glenlyon, Perth, † October 6, 1843 in Edinburgh) was a British general.


Campbell joined the army in 1787 and served 1789-1792 in the East Indies during the fighting against Tippoo Sahib, the Sultan of Mysore. Then he commanded, under Lord Wellington in the campaigns in the Iberian peninsula an infantry brigade.

After the deposition of Napoleon Campbell remained as a general in the Portuguese service, from which he, however, in 1820 because of political disagreements stepped back into the British service. He was here set as Colonel and again sent to the East Indies, where he by the British East India Company of the supreme command in the war against Burma was entrusted in 1824. After two years of struggle, he forced actually on February 24, 1826 the Peace of Yandabo, had to be ceded by the Arakan and Tenasserim to the company.

These successes were rewarded. Campbell received the title of baronet and a vote of thanks of the British Parliament. He was declared the governor of the ceded provinces, and managed it until 1829, when he returned to Scotland. From 1831 to 1837 he was again governor and commander of the royal troops in New Brunswick ( Canada) and proved to be there during the Canadian insurrection as a skilled administrative officer.

Campbell planted in 1841 the first tea bushes in Darjeeling.