Skalica ( Skalitz German, Hungarian Szakolca, latin Sakolcium ) is the largest city in the same county in the northernmost west of Slovakia.
The town was first mentioned in 1217 as Zaculcza. The name refers to the rock on which the first settlement was built.
The settlement was built around a rare triangular space in the middle ages. In 1372 they got the Charter and at the same time given the privilege of free royal city. 1428 she was hit by the Hussites and the majority of the predominantly German population was expelled or fled. During the 16th century Anabaptists settled here.
1918 was the city for 8 days headquarters of the Czechoslovak government delegation which unsuccessfully tried from here, to take over the control of the then Hungarian controlled Slovakia.
In 1923 Skalica became the county seat. In 1960, the District was dissolved as part of the reorganization area and the city came to the district of Senica. In 1996, she was again to the district town. By December 2007, the area was Seče a cadastral district of the city.
In addition to the remains of a city wall there in the place of one of the oldest Slovak buildings, the Romanesque Rotunda of George from the 12th century, which in the 17th century, a baroque ( " Welsh " ) hood was placed. There are also many church buildings, the St. Michael's Church, a former Franciscan monastery and three other monasteries. Interesting are still spätrenaissancene the town hall and culture house of 1905 in Secession style.
According to the 2001 census were of 15 013 inhabitants, 94.84 % Slovaks, 3.61% Czechs, 0.64% Roma and 0.91 % other. The most represented confession was 70.15 % with Roman Catholic, followed by Protestant 6.67 %. 19.92 % had no religious affiliation and 2.45 % did not respond.
- HK 36 Skalica, ice hockey club in the Extraliga
- Daniel Sloboda (1809-1888), a Protestant clergyman, botanist, translator and ethnographer
- Vlado sidekick (* 1972), trumpeter, flugelhorn player and conductor
- Richard Stehlík ( born 1984 ), ice hockey player