The temples of Skorba are one kilometer east of the complex of Ta ' Hagrat at Mgarr on the southeast slope of the Bidnija Ridge at Zebbiegh place in Malta. They belong to the Megalithic Temples of Malta, which were declared in 1992 a UNESCO World Heritage Site and are incorporated into the National Inventory of Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands. It can be found megalithic ruins.
The continuous use of the cult place, which is among the oldest of Malta, has occurred since the Ghar Dalam phase - and goes until the end of the temple culture. The western stone temple was, the eastern used from the Ġgantija phase since the Tarxien phase.
The catchment area of the cult place includes the Terra soils in the hill country and the eastern part of the Bingemma sink. Special significance at the place of worship by the main link between central and northern Malta, the branches coming here from Falka Gap.
Two adjacent temple ( West and East), maybe once both with fünflappiger composition. The West Temple with deeper, the East Temple with flat head niche. Received stone remains in the east of the fence testify that the place of worship included a larger area than the demarcated area.
The design of the resulting cross- tract and the sheath are similar to that of the Südtempels Ġgantija. An upstream cross- section can not be excluded, since the deep corridor with two rows of bottom holes rather speaks for a door system as for access. During the Tarxien phase, the separation of the head, the collection of a second layer Torbaböden and the removal of parts of the right jacket for the cultivation of the east temple were made. The slightly damaged cross- section consists of numerous basal remains of two side niches. On the right there were pre- hidden niches in the apex and in the end plate. The head niche shows remains of an altar and an axial Trilithenzugang (similar to the West Temple of Kordin III and Ta ' Hagrat main temple ).
Documented through excavation are only the stone remains of the exterior, and the second cross- tract of coral limestone. In all the side niches of the soil has clay floor. The first cross- section has a smaller inside diameter than the second cross section; this unusual relationship is otherwise only available in the Südtempel the Ġgantija.
The buildings show documented in the excavation area that settlement and place of worship existed side by side. Individual, founded on rock walls from stone and various, founded in culture medium buildings of adobe demonstrate the continued use of the Ghar Dalam to Ġgantija phase. The floor plans of the adobe buildings show oval or quadrilateral kurvierte ground depressions with Steinfundamentierungen at the bowl edge. The soils in the troughs are made of tamped clay. Your inputs were generally at a broadside.
The discovery of Għajnsielem proves that it is housing developments in the oval adobe buildings of Skorba. In this context, the so-called miniature No. 5 wins important because it shows that there was Ovalbauten with Eingau on the wide side in megalithic stone construction.
The ceramic of Skorba
The development of the Maltese population is given in periods and phases, the exact temporal demarcation is not clearly defined until now. It can be found in some cases very different information. The classification is used for the determination of the temporal found ceramics and sculptures. The individual phases often contributing the name of a famous temple from the corresponding period. The Grey Skorba (4500-4400 BC) and the Red Skorba (4400-4100 BC ) represent the oldest settlement pottery of the island also present an Cycladic idols resembling female figure was found in Skorba.