Slovak Ore Mountains


Ravine Zádielska tiesňava in Slovak Karst

Slovak Ore Mountains (Slovak Slovenské rudohorie ) is the geographically largest mountain range in Slovakia and is in the course of the Western Carpathians. It includes south of the Low Tatras and covers most of the southern part of Central Slovakia. Its heights are lower than those of the Tatras, but economically it is significant for its ore and other deposits. Many workings, however, are now closed.

The current name of the mountain was also common before 1918, when Slovakia was part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In German it was called until just after the First World War Hungarian Ore Mountains, in the interwar period ( composite state with the Czech Republic ), however, Slovenské Krušnohorie. Another, when geologists still in use, but generally rarer name is Spišsko - Gemerské rudohorie ( Spis - Gemer Ore Mountains).

Geographically and geological characteristics

  • Classification: a field of sub-province inside the Western Carpathians
  • Highest point: Stolica N.M. with 1476 m
  • Length ( east-west): 135 km
  • Width: 25 up to 40 km
  • Area: about 4000 sq. km

The relief is massive, mostly plateau-like. Unlike other mountain ranges in Slovakia it has only one ( and small ) mountain basin in the south and has only the character of a mountainous country.


The mountain range includes the following landscape units, all of which are densely forested except for the two karst areas:

  • Veporské Hills in the west of the mountains in Brezno
  • Spišsko - Gemerský kras in the north-central, with the upstream Slovak Paradise;
  • Revúcka highlands in the center and
  • Stolické Hills north thereof;
  • Rožňavská kotlina and
  • Volovské Hills in the east;
  • Čierna hora (about Black Mountain) in the northeast near Prešov
  • Slovenský kras ( Slovak Karst ) in the southeast, in Hungary the Észak - Borsodi Karszt accordingly.


The following national parks are set up currently in the area of the mountain: Muránska planina, Slovak Karst and Slovak Paradise.


The once rich ore deposits (iron, manganese, copper, lead, tin, antimony) were living memory intensive since the 14th century, dismantled and are now exhausted to a large extent.