Social Democratic Party (Portugal)
Listen to the Partido Social Democrata (PPD - PSD) [' paɾtidu su'sjaɫ dəmu'kɾatɐ ]? / I (German Social Democratic Party of Portugal ) is a Portuguese conservative-liberal party. It was founded on May 6, 1974 by Francisco Sá Carneiro, Francisco Pinto Balsemão, and Joaquim Magalhães Mota Emídio Guerreiro under the name Partido Popular Democrático (PPD). The party is - in contrast to its name - for a more conservative policy, comparable to that of the German CDU. It is next to the Partido Socialista one of the two major parties in Portugal. The three arrows in the party logo represent the three social democratic values : freedom, equality and solidarity.
The PSD was the first Portuguese party which could achieve an absolute majority after the Carnation Revolution in the elections in 1987 under the leadership of Aníbal Cavaco Silva. Since 1976, the introduction of the new Portuguese Constitution, the PSD was involved in nine of seventeen governments.
31 May 2008 Manuela Ferreira Leite was elected through direct election of the members of the new party chairman. Luís Filipe Menezes took her turn, had declared his resignation on April 17, 2008. Ferreira Leite was elected with around 38 % of the vote. She had three male counterpart candidates. In 2010 she was replaced by Pedro Passos Coelho, it won the parliamentary elections a year and since then has served as Prime Minister of Portugal.
The PSD is the editor of the newspaper " Povo Livre " ( Free People ).
Traditional strongholds of the party are the North of Portugal ( for example, the administrative districts of Bragança and Vila Real) and the Autonomous Region of Madeira.
List of Chairpersons
- Francisco Sá Carneiro (1974-1978 and 1978-1980)
- António Sousa Franco ( 1978)
- José Meneres Pimentel (1978 )
- Francisco Pinto Balsemão (1981-1983)
- Nuno Rodrigues dos Santos (1983-1984)
- Carlos Mota Pinto (1984-1985)
- Aníbal Cavaco Silva (1985-1995)
- Fernando Nogueira (1995-1996)
- Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa (1996-1999)
- José Manuel Barroso (1999-2004)
- Pedro Santana Lopes (2004-2005)
- Luís Marques Mendes (2005-2007)
- Luís Filipe Menezes (2007-2008)
- Manuela Ferreira Leite (2008-2010)
- Pedro Passos Coelho ( since 2010)