Social Democratic Party (Romania)

Partidul Social Democrat ( PSD, German Social Democratic Party ) is a party in Romania.

Political orientation

The PSD is a social democratic party. Although many former members of the Communist Party of Romania have found their political home in the PSD, but a succession of Partidul Comunist Român ( Romanian Communist Party ) is not. Meanwhile, the PSD is part of the Party of European Socialists, and is thus a sister party, the SPD, the Social Democrats and the SP.


In the wake of the Romanian Revolution in December 1989, the Communist Party of Romania disbanded. Part of their former members united in the Frontul Salvării National (FSN, National Salvation Front ), led by Ion Iliescu and took over power in the country. The FSN presented with the President Iliescu and Petre Roman (1990-1991) and Theodor Stolojan (1991-1992) the Prime Minister.

In April 1992, there were disputes within the FSN. As a result, a group split under Iliescu from, founded the Frontul Democrat al Salvării national ( FDSN, Democratic Front for the National Salvation ) and won the parliamentary elections in 1992. From the remaining members of the FSN novel was formed, headed by Petre the Partidul Democrat Frontul Salvării national (PD - FSN, Democratic Party national Salvation Front ), which later changed its name to Partidul Democrat ( PD Democratic Party) and now ( 2008) in the Partidul Democrat - Liberal (PD -L, Democratic- Liberal Party) has risen.

The FDSN adopted on 10 July 1993, the name Partidul Sociale din România Democratiei ( PDSR, Party of Social Democracy of Romania ), when she was united with several smaller parties. From 1992 to 1996, the formation led several governments; Was Prime Minister Nicolae Văcăroiu. At times she was doing alliances with extremist parties like the Partidul România Mare ( Greater Romania Party ) a. Party chairman was during this time Oliviu Gherman.

1996 the PDSR lost the parliamentary elections; Iliescu once again assumed the party chairmanship. In 2000, the party won the elections of its own. She went a coalition with one of the Partidul Umanist Român ( PUR, Humanist Party of Romania ); Prime Minister Adrian Năstase was. In January 2001, the PDSR merged with a smaller party, the Social Democrat Român Partidul ( PSDR, Social Democratic Party of Romania ) and adopted its present name.

Although the PSD could also win in the parliamentary elections of 2004, the highest number of votes, they had to go into opposition, because they could not find a coalition partner. In the presidential elections in the same year failed in the second round and the PSD candidate Nastase at the current incumbent Traian Basescu.

In 2005, Mircea Geoană - the former Romanian ambassador to the U.S. and former Foreign Minister - the party chairmanship. The former president Ion Iliescu was elected in December 2006 as honorary chairman of the PSD.

In the parliamentary elections on 30 November 2008, the PSD went along with the PD -L emerged as the winner. The Socialist Party came to 33.09 percent in the Chamber of Deputies and 34.16 percent in the Senate. The right-wing liberal PD -L won 32.36 or 33.57 percent. Both parties subsequently formed a coalition government led by Prime Minister Emil Boc (PD -L). This government broke ahead of the presidential elections in 2009. Since then, the PSD is in the opposition. After Mircea Geoană just going down against incumbent Traian Basescu in the presidential elections of 2009, he lost in February 2010 as the party leader Victor Ponta.