Socialist Party (Argentina)
The Partido Socialista (German " Socialist Party " ) is a social democratic party in Argentina. Within the non- Peronist left of the political spectrum, it is the most successful group in collaboration with the ARI and cooperates with other center-left parties since 2011 in the Allianz Frente Amplio Progresista (Eng. "Wide Progressive Front ").
The party was founded in 1896 has long been divided and only reached the end of the 20th century greater success; it represents the governor of the province of Santa Fe since 2007. Many left small parties of Argentina are spin-offs of the party.
The party at the end of the 19th century developed from several associations of immigrant groups that had been influenced from Europe coming from the ideals of socialist and anarchist thinkers such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and Mikhail Bakunin. The oldest of them was the club in Buenos Aires was founded, German -language 1881 forward, which emerged from the members of the 1871 founded, the first cooperative in Argentina. 1891 (Eng. " The Same " ) established with similar ideals of the French-speaking club Les Égaux. In the same year, the Spanish-speaking Workers Association Sección Varia founded, and 1894 was followed by the Italian-speaking Fascio di Lavoratori (Eng. " Confederation of Workers "). In these years emerged outside the capital 's first socialist groupings.
The groups united in 1894 in stages to the Partido Socialista Obrero Internacional (German " International Socialist Workers' Party ), the first party congress was held in 1895; some important groups, such as the already mentioned club forward, but missed it yet. It was not until the following year, after the new party had already participated unsuccessfully in local elections in Buenos Aires, the union was made with the June 8 and 9, 1896 discharged Assembly, in which the party statute was adopted. Trade unions were now connected to the new party.
First, the party was ideologically influenced by Marxist socialism and the ideas of the class struggle. However, began as early as the first years of the 20th century reformist ideas to gain the upper hand, and the party was out of the goal to be active in the parliaments of the country. Despite the then widespread election fraud the party succeeded in 1903, to place the first candidates in the city council of San Nicolás de los Arroyos. For the election of the House of Representatives of the Republic of 1904, the party was able to first socialist deputy of the Federal Parliament in the Americas, Alfredo Lorenzo Palacios recorded.
After 1913, the democracy was introduced in Argentina by the Ley Sáenz Peña, the success of the new party accumulated. At the same time, however, the movement began to divide itself into several subgroups, the persecuted partly reformist, partly revolutionary programs. 1917, under the influence of the October Revolution in Russia, the followers of a revolutionary solution seceded under the name Partido Socialista Internacional (German " International Socialist Party"), the party renamed itself soon in Partido Comunista (German Communist Party ) to. In 1928, the right wing as Partido Socialista Independiente split off (Eng. "Independent Sozialsitsiche Party"). This party supported the conservative military coup in 1930 and placed under the government of Agustín Pedro Justo 1931, the Agriculture Minister, Antonio De Tomaso. However, the movement broke up shortly thereafter and went on in the conservative leadership caste of the government.
During the 1930s there was a further major cleavage: From 1934, the Partido Socialista Obrero constituted (German " socialist assurance Workers' Party " ) from politically fragmented opposition movements within the mother party, who worked in some provinces with the Communist Party, in others conservative to openly anti-communist tendencies accepted.
Some of these apostates supported Juan Perón in 1946 in the election for President and then went on to join the alliance of the Partido Justicialista. However, the Partido Socialista itself was initially antiperonistisch and formed together with the anti- Perón parties Unión Democrática the (German " Democratic Union "). 1952 brandishing a part around, however, and supported Perón in the name of the new party Partido Socialista de la Revolución Nacional (German " Socialist Party of the National Revolution").
1958 led to a renewed fission, in turn, between reformist and revolutionary oriented groups. The reformist current named itself Partido Socialista Democrático (PSD, German Democratic Socialist Party ), the revolutionary with Partido Socialista Argentino (PSA, dt " Argentine Socialist Party "). In the 1960s and 1970s was followed by further partial divisions, however, were short-lived and usually go up in the linksperonistischen movement. Parts of the PSD collaborated here with the military dictatorship, which demonstrates the deep split in the movement at that time.
After the democratization 1983 ( " People's Socialist Party " PSP, dt ) were the only parties to the original socialist current of the Partido Socialista Democrático (PSD) and the Partido Socialista Popular remained. The PSP 1972 was born from the union of the PSA with the Movimiento de Acción Popular Argentino (MAPA, dt "movement of Argentine Popular Action " ) and other smaller groups.
To prevent further divisions, reformed the PSD her party statute and allowed the creation of sub-groups with differing ideologies. Successful, however, was the PSP, in 1989 the mayor's office in the city of Rosario, the third largest in Argentina, won and still holds today.
2002 PSD and PSP reunited today Partido Socialista.
In the elections on September 2, 2007, the party won with Hermes Binner first time the post of governor of a province in Santa Fe. She also won a majority for the first time in the city of Santa Fe. The mayors of Rosario could be obtained.
In the congressional elections of 2009, the party cooperated under the umbrella of the alliance Acuerdo Civico y Social ( ACyS, dt " Social and Civic Agreement") with the UCR, the ARI and several smaller parties. However, the alliance broke up in 2011 again.
2011 won with Antonio Bonfatti again a socialist the gubernatorial election of Santa Fe. In the same year Binner stood as candidate for the presidential election, reaching 16.8% in second place behind Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. Prior to the election, the Alliance Frente Amplio was Progresista (Eng. "Wide Progressive Front " ) was established, in which, in contrast to ACyS the UCR was not involved.