Socialist Republic of Slovenia

The Socialist Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Republika Slovenija Socialistična until 1963: People's Republic of Slovenia, Slovenian Ljudska republika Slovenija ) was a member state of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which existed from 1945 to 1991. Even before the independence of Slovenia, he was converted on 7 March 1990 in a parliamentary republic and renamed the Republic of Slovenia. On 25 June 1991, the Republic of Slovenia declared its independence.

The road to independence

In April 1990, free, democratic elections were held. The parliamentary elections were under the leadership of the dissident Jože Pučnik, won by the opposition, the coalition DEMOS. At the same time was Milan Kučan, the former chairman of the League of Communists of Slovenia ( ZKS ), President of the Republic. The democratically elected parliaments nominated the Christian Democrat leader Lojze Peterle as Prime Minister, this meant the end of the 45-year rule of the Communist Party of Slovenia. The old national anthem Naprej zastava slave was replaced by the Zdravljica in March 1990.

On December 23, 1990 voted in a referendum 95 % of voters for the secession of Slovenia from Yugoslavia. On 25 June 1991, the Slovenian parliament proclaimed the independence of Slovenia. In the short 10 -day war this could be secured militarily. By the end of the independence of the international community was recognized.