Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
The Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, SMPTE abbreviated ( sɪmpti, sometimes sʌmpti ), is an international association in the field of professional film and especially video technology headquartered in White Plains, New York.
The association was founded in 1916 as the Society of Motion Picture Engineers ( SMPE ) to promote the development of norms and standards, research and scientific activities, and networked communication and training in the rapidly evolving world of moving images. With the advent of the television industry the name of the Association has been added called " Television" (German TV ) in 1950. Accordingly, the abbreviation changed in SMPTE.
The Association develops standards in the rule itself, but acts as a forum and documentation instance. Almost all the manufacturers in the field of video technology are a member of this association. Therefore, the arrangements of the SMPTE documented form in addition to the ITU and ANSI standards, the base in this area of technology.
The most important standards to which the SMPTE has played a decisive role in the past:
- Standards for video and film cassettes from 1964 to today
- Standardisation of timecodes: SMPTE timecode, 1967/1969
- Standardization of HDTV, 1981-present
- Digital video signal transmission standards: SDI (SMPTE 259M, SMPTE 344M and 1997, 2000) and SDTI (SMPTE 305M, 2000)
- Digital video format MXF (SMPTE 377m ff, 2004)